STATE COLLEGE, Pa., March 23 (UPI) -- A U.S. sociologist says increased schooling across sub-Saharan Africa might be lowering the number of new HIV infections among younger adults.
If that is true, Penn State University Professor David Baker says it would suggest a shift in a decades-long trend in which a formal education was considered an AIDS risk factor.
"Before the 1990s, in the impoverished regions of sub-Saharan Africa, even modest amounts of education afforded males higher income, more leisure time and, for some males, greater access to commercial sex workers," said Baker. "HIV-infected higher-status males then spread the infection to both educated and uneducated women, which moved the disease into the general population."
Baker and graduate students John Collins and Juan Leon report their research findings in the U.N. journal Prospects.