MUNICH, Germany, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- A global study presented at a cardiology conference in Munich shows the majority of heart attacks can be predicted by nine easily measurable factors.
The Interheart study examined more than 29,000 people in 52 countries from all inhabited continents of the world, according to Dr. Salim Yusuf, professor of medicine at the Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine at McMaster University, in Hamilton, Ontario.
Yusuf, who presented the findings at the European Society of Cardiology conference in Munich, said the two most important risk factors were cigarette smoking and an abnormal ratio of blood lipids -- Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A-1 -- which together predicted two-thirds of the global risk of heart attack.
Additional risk factors are high blood pressure, diabetes, abdominal obesity, stress, a lack of daily consumption of fruits and vegetables and a lack of daily exercise.
Yusuf said conventional wisdom suggested only half of the risks of heart attacks could be foreseen, but the study indicates the majority of heart attack risk could be predicted.