UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 13, 2014

A dramatic mine rescue in Chile ... on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  Oct. 13, 2014 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Monday, Oct. 13, the 286th day of 2014 with 79 to follow. This is Columbus Day in the United States.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter and Venus. Evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include American Revolutionary War heroine Molly Pitcher in 1754; baseball Hall of Fame member Rube Waddell in 1876; actors Lillie Langtry in 1853 and Cornel Wilde in 1912; editorial cartoonist Herbert Block in 1909; puppeteer Burr Tillstrom in 1917; actor/singer Yves Montand in 1921; former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and comedian Lenny Bruce, both in 1925; Jesse L. Brown, the first African-American naval aviator, in 1926; actor Melinda Dillon in 1939 (age 75); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Paul Simon in 1941 (age 73); musician Robert Lamm, from the band Chicago, in 1944 (age 70); rocker Sammy Hagar in 1947 (age 67); horse racing Hall of Fame member Pat Day in 1953 (age 61); Chris Carter, creator of "The X-Files," in 1957 (age 57); entertainer Marie Osmond in 1959 (age 55); actor Kelly Preston and football Hall of Fame member Jerry Rice, both in 1962 (age 52); Olympic gold medal-winning Cuban high jump specialist Javier Sotomayor in 1967 (age 47); figure skater Nancy Kerrigan in 1969 (age 44); actor Sacha Baron Cohen in 1971 (age 43); and Olympic gold medal-winning Australian swimmer Ian Thorpe in 1982 (age 32).
On this date in history:

In 1775, the Continental Congress ordered construction of America's first naval fleet.

In 1792, the cornerstone to the White House in Washington was laid. (It would be November 1800 before the first presidential family -- that of John Adams -- moved in.)

In 1903, the Boston Red Sox beat the Pittsburgh Pirates to win the first World Series, five games to three.

In 1917, as many as 100,000 people gathered in Fatima, Portugal, for the "Miracle of the Sun" and its strange solar activity and, for many, a reported glimpse of the Virgin Mary.

In 1943, conquered by the Allies, Italy declared war on Germany, its former partner.

In 1972, more than 170 people were killed in a Soviet airliner crash near Moscow's Sheremetyevo International Airport.

In 1987, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias Sanchez was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize -- the first winner from Central America.

In 1994, two months after the Irish Republican Army announced a cease-fire. Protestant paramilitaries in Northern Ireland did the same.

In 2003, renowned U.S. jockey Bill Shoemaker, winner of nearly 9,000 races, died at his home in San Marino, Calif. He was 72.

In 2006, U.S. Rep. Robert Ney, R-Ohio, the only congressman charged in a Washington lobbying scandal, pleaded guilty to conspiracy. (He served 17 months of a 30-month prison sentence.) In 2010, after more than two months entombed half a mile under the Chilean desert, the first of 33 trapped miners was pulled to safety in a narrow passageway drilled through more than 2,000 feet of rock, to be followed in the next 24 hours by the rest of the crew in a dramatic finale to a remarkable rescue mission.

In 2012, authorities in Afghanistan said a suicide bomber killed at least seven Afghan intelligence officers in Kandahar province, and five security guards employed by a private company died in coordinated terrorist bombings in Zabul province

In 2013, a stampede by masses of worshipers crossing a bridge over the Sindh River at a Hindu festival in India's Madhya Pradesh state killed more than 100 people and injured scores of others. A police official said people panicked as rumors spread that the bridge was collapsing.

A thought for the day: "Desire is the most important factor in the success of any athlete." -- Bill Shoemaker

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