UPI Almanac for Thursday, Aug. 14, 2014

Japan accepts surrender terms, U.S. Social Security Act passed, hundreds die in Egyptian clashes ... on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  Aug. 14, 2014 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Thursday, Aug. 14, the 226th day of 2014 with 139 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Mars, Mercury and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include pioneer German psychologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing in 1840; American West figure Doc Holliday in 1851; naturalist Ernest Thompson Seton in 1860; writer Ernest Thayer ("Casey at the Bat") in 1863; English novelist John Galsworthy in 1867; writer Russell Baker in 1925 (age 89); actor Alice Ghostley in 1926; singer Buddy Greco, also in 1926 (age 88); baseball Hall of Fame member Earl Weaver in 1930; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member David Crosby in 1941 (age 73); comedian Steve Martin in 1945 (age 69); actor Susan Saint James in 1946 (age 68); author Danielle Steele in 1947 (age 67); "The Far Side" cartoonist Gary Larson in 1950 (age 64); composer James Horner in 1953 (age 61); actor Marcia Gay Harden and basketball Hall of Fame member Earvin "Magic" Johnson, both in 1959 (age 55); stage soprano Sarah Brightman in 1960 (age 54); actors Halle Berry in 1966 (age 48) and Mila Kunis in 1983 (age 31); and football player Tim Tebow, winner of the Heisman Trophy in 2007, in 1987 (age 27).

On this date in history:

In 1784, Grigory Shelikhov, a Russian fur trader, founded the first permanent Russian settlement in Alaska on Kodiak Island.

In 1900, about 2,000 U.S. Marines joined with European forces to capture Beijing, ending the Boxer Rebellion against the Western presence in China.

In 1935, the U.S. Congress passed the Social Security Act and President Franklin D. Roosevelt immediately signed it into law.

In 1945, U.S. President Harry Truman announced that Japan had accepted terms for unconditional surrender. (Japan formally surrendered Sept. 2, officially ending World War II.)

In 1966, the unmanned U.S. Orbiter 1 spacecraft began orbiting the moon.

In 1994, the notorious international terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal" was captured in Sudan. (The next day he was extradited to France, where he was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.)

In 1995, following a long legal battle, Shannon Faulkner was admitted to the cadet corps of the previously all-male Citadel. (She resigned from the South Carolina military school four days later.)

In 1996, the Republican Party nominated Sen. Bob Dole of Kansas for president to face incumbent Bill Clinton in the November election.

In 2003, a massive power failure spread through Ohio, Michigan, the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, leaving 50 million people in eight states and the province of Ontario without electricity for as long as two days.

In 2005, authorities said the crash of a Helios Airways plane in Greece with 121 people aboard could have been caused by a sudden drop in cabin pressure. There were no survivors.

In 2006, the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon ended in a truce, effective on this date, after 34 days of fighting.

In 2007, Mattel, the world's largest toy company, recalled nearly 19 million toys made in China, about half of them distributed in the United States. Included were more than 400,000 toy cars said to be coated with lead.

In 2012, at least 43 people were killed and dozens injured in suicide bombings in three Afghan provinces.

In 2013, authorities said hundreds of people were killed and thousands injured in clashes between Egyptian security forces and demonstrators calling for the reinstatement of ousted President Mohamed Morsi.

A thought for the day: "Winning is a habit. Unfortunately, so is losing." -- Vince Lombardi.

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