UPI Almanac for Monday, July 28, 2014

A massive killer earthquake in China, an airline disaster in Pakistan ... on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  July 28, 2014 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Monday, July 28, the 209th day of 2014 with 156 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Mars and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include Beatrix Potter, British author and illustrator of the Peter Rabbit stories, in 1866; French surrealist artist Marcel Duchamp in 1887; comedian Joe E. Brown in 1891; singer/actor/band leader Rudy Vallee in 1901; Tupperware founder Earl Tupper in 1907; conductor Carmen Dragon in 1914; former U.S. first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in 1929; pianist and bandleader Peter Duchin in 1937 (age 77); former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori in 1938 (age 76); former U.S. Senator and basketball Hall of Fame member Bill Bradley in 1943 (age 71); rock musician Mike Bloomfield, also in 1943; "Garfield" creator Jim Davis in 1945 (age 69); singer/songwriter Jonathan Edwards in 1946 (age 68); actors Linda Kelsey in 1946 (age 68), Sally Struthers in 1947 (age 67), Georgia Engel in 1948 (age 66) and Lori Loughlin in 1964 (age 50); and activist Terry Fox, who ran across Canada after his right leg was amputated because of cancer, in 1958.

On this date in history:

In 1868, the ratified 14th Amendment was adopted into the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing citizenship and all its privileges to African-Americans.

In 1945, the U.S. Senate ratified the United Nations.

In 1976, a 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck the Tangshan, China, area, killing more than 240,000 people. It was among the deadliest quakes in recorded history.

In 1984, U.S. President Ronald Reagan opened the Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles. A Soviet-led bloc of 15 nations, as well as Iran, Libya, Albania and Bolivia, boycotted the Games.

In 1990, the collision of a freighter and two barges spilled 500,000 gallons of oil in the Houston Ship Channel near Galveston, Texas.

In 2003, J.P. Morgan Chase and Citigroup, the two largest U.S. banks, agreed to pay nearly $300 million in fines and penalties to settle charges they had aided Enron in deceiving investors.

In 2004, Democrats nominated Sen. John Kerry of Massachusetts to oppose Republic incumbent George W. Bush in the November presidential election.

In 2008, Iraqi authorities said suicide bombers, including three females, killed 61 people and injured 249 others in ethnic violence in Kirkuk and Baghdad.

In 2010, a plane flying in intense fog and rain to Islamabad, Pakistan, crashed in the Himalayan foothills near its destination, killing all 152 people aboard.

In 2011, a federal judge in Washington threw out a lawsuit seeking to end the Obama administration's funding of embryonic stem cell research into possible cures for deadly diseases.

In 2013, a tour bus carrying people who had visited a Catholic shrine plunged nearly 100 feet down a slope in southern Italy. The death toll was at least 39, with many others injured.

A thought for the day: "Politics is the art of looking for trouble, finding it whether it exists or not, diagnosing it incorrectly and applying the wrong remedy." -- Ernest Benn

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