UPI Almanac for Saturday, July 26, 2014

Birth of the FBI, Truman orders desegregation of the military, space shuttle flights resume ... on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  July 26, 2014 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Saturday, July 26, the 207th day of 2016, with 158 to follow.

The moon is new. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Mars and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include artist George Catlin, painter of American Indian scenes, in 1796; Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw in 1856; Swiss psychologist Carl Jung, founder of analytic psychology, in 1875; British novelist Aldous Huxley in 1894; comedian Gracie Allen in 1895; U.S. Sen. Estes Kefauver, D-Tenn., who led the 1950-51 Senate investigation of organized crime, in 1903; actor Vivian Vance in 1909; Erskine Hawkins, trumpet virtuoso, band leader, in 1914; storyteller Jean Shepherd in 1921; actor Jason Robards, movie producer Blake Edwards and baseball Hall of Fame member Hoyt Wilhelm, all in 1922; children's author Jan Berenstain in 1923; filmmaker Stanley Kubrick in 1928; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Mick Jagger (Rolling Stones) in 1943 (age 71); British actor Helen Mirren in 1945 (age 69); tennis player Vitas Gerulaitis in 1954; former Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari in 1955 (age 59); Olympic gold medal skater Dorothy Hamill in 1956 (age 58); and actors Kevin Spacey in 1959 (age 55), Sandra Bullock in 1964 (age 50) and Kate Beckinsale in 1973 (age 41).

On this date in history:

In 1788, New York became the 11th state of the United States upon ratification of the U.S. Constitution.

In 1847, Liberia became a republic and Africa's first sovereign, black-ruled democratic nation.

In 1908, the FBI was born as the BOI (Bureau of Investigation) when a group of newly hired investigators reported to the Justice Department. (The special unit officially became the FBI in 1935.)

In 1941, U.S. Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur was named commander of U.S. forces in the Philippines.

In 1948, President Harry S. Truman ordered desegregation of the U.S. military.

In 1956, Egypt created a crisis by nationalizing the British and French-owned Suez Canal.

In 1984, "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson" became the first network television show to be broadcast in stereo.

In 1992, under pressure, Iraq agreed to allow U.N. inspectors to look for documentation on weapons of mass destruction.

In 2005, the shuttle Discovery lifted off from Cape Canaveral in the first shuttle launch since the 2003 Columbia tragedy.

In 2007, the U.S. Congress overwhelmingly passed anti-terrorism legislation that enhanced screening of air and sea cargo and allocated more funds to states deemed at risk of attack.

In 2010, the founder of WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, said it was decided to post more than 75,000 secret U.S. Afghan war documents on the Internet to give a more complete picture of the conflict. The White House said the deed had "a potential to be very harmful." I In 2012, Republican U.S. presidential candidate Mitt Romney was harshly criticized in London for suggesting, a day before the start of the Olympic Games, that the city might be "unprepared" for them.

In 2013, Ariel Castro agreed to a plea bargain in the kidnapping of three Ohio women who were held for a decade. He was sentenced to life in prison. (On Sept. 3, Castro hanged himself in his cell.)

A thought for the day: Matthew Arnold wrote, "The free thinking of one age is the common sense of the next."

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