UPI Almanac for Saturday, June 28, 2014

Victoria crowned queen of England, the Treaty of Versailles officially ends World War I … on this date in history.
By United Press International   |   June 28, 2014 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Saturday, June 28, the 179th day of 2014 with 186 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include English King Henry VIII in 1491; Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens in 1577; English clergyman John Wesley, founder of Methodism, in 1703; French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau in 1712; French physician Paul Broca in 1824; Italian author Luigi Pirandello in 1867; composer Richard Rodgers in 1902; British spy novelist Eric Ambler in 1909; filmmaker and comedian Mel Brooks in 1926 (age 88); actor Pat Morita in 1932; former CIA Director and Defense Secretary Leon Panetta in 1938 (age 76); comedian Gilda Radner in 1946; actors Kathy Bates in 1948 (age 66) and Alice Krige in 1954 (age 60); football Hall of Fame member John Elway in 1960 (age 54); actors John Cusack and Mary Stuart Masterson, both in 1966 (age 48) and Felicia Day in 1979 (age 35); and actor/singer Danielle Brisebois in 1969 (age 45).

On this date in history:

In 1778, the Continental Army under command of Gen. George Washington defeated the British at Monmouth, N.J.

In 1838, Victoria was crowned queen of England. (She would rule for 63 years, 7 months.)

In 1914, Archduke Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire was assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia, an act considered to have ignited World War I.

In 1919, World War I officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles.

In 1969, the clientele of a New York City gay bar, the Stonewall Inn, rioted after it was raided by police. The event is considered the start of the gay liberation movement.

In 1971, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the use of public funds for parochial schools was unconstitutional.

In 1972, U.S. President Richard Nixon announced that no more draftees would be sent to Vietnam unless they volunteered for service in the Asian nation.

In 1984, Israel and Syria exchanged prisoners for the first time in 10 years, with 291 Syrian soldiers were traded for three Israelis.

In 1997, Mike Tyson bit off a piece of one of heavyweight boxing champion Evander Holyfield's ears during a title fight in Las Vegas.

In 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Boy Scouts of America had a constitutional right to exclude gay members.

In 2003, people eager to block telemarketing calls overwhelmed a government website that began accepting phone numbers at the National Do Not Call Registry. The Federal Trade Commission said 735,000 numbers were registered the first day.

In 2004, the U.S.-led coalition formally transferred political power in Iraq to an interim government that would run the country until elections were held.

In 2009, Honduran President Manuel Zelaya, rousted out of bed in the middle of the night by soldiers, was forced from office and into exile in Costa Rica in the culmination of a bitter power struggle over proposed constitutional changes. (He was in exile for more than a year.)

In 2010, U.S. Sen. Robert Byrd, D-W.Va., died in a Virginia hospital at age 92. Byrd was in the U.S. House from 1953 to 1959 before moving to the Senate, where he served from 1959 to 2010 -- a total of nearly 57 years in Congress.

In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the new healthcare law known as the Affordable Care Act.

In 2013, massive crowds in Chicago honored the Stanley Cup champion Blackhawks in a victory parade and a rally at Grant Park.

A thought for the day: "No one will improve your lot if you do not yourself." -- Bertolt Brecht

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