UPI Almanac for Friday, June 20, 2014

Oil flows in Alaska, Germany moves its capital … on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  June 20, 2014 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Friday, June 20, the 171st day of 2014 with 194 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include author-playwright Lillian Hellman in 1905; actor Errol Flynn in 1909; musician Chet Atkins and actor/World War II hero Audie Murphy, winner of the Medal of Honor, both in 1924; actors Martin Landau in 1928 (age 86), Olympia Dukakis and James Tolkan, both in 1931 (age 83), Danny Aiello in 1933 (age 81) and John Mahoney in 1940 (age 74); football Hall of Fame member Len Dawson in 1935 (age 79); songwriter Brian Wilson of the Beach Boys in 1942 (age 72); singer Anne Murray in 1945 (age 69); TV handyman Bob Vila and concert pianist Andre Watts, both in 1946 (age 68); singer Lionel Richie in 1949 (age 65); Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki in 1950 (age 64); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Michael Anthony (Van Halen), in 1954 (age 60); actors John Goodman in 1952 (age 62), Nicole Kidman in 1967 (age 47) and Michael Landon Jr. in 1964 (age 50).

On this date in history:

In 1214, the University of Oxford in England was chartered.

In 1893, a jury in Fall River, Mass., acquitted Lizzy Borden in the ax murders of her father and stepmother.

In 1898, the U.S. Navy seized Guam, the largest of the Mariana Islands in the Pacific, during the Spanish-American War. (The people of Guam were granted U.S. citizenship in 1950.)

In 1900, in response to widespread foreign encroachment upon China's national affairs, Chinese nationalists launched the so-called Boxer Rebellion in Beijing.

In 1963, the United States and Soviet Union agreed to establish a hot-line communications link between Washington and Moscow.

In 1967, the American Independent Party was formed to back George Wallace of Alabama for president.

In 1977, oil began to flow through the $7.7 billion, 789-mile Alaska pipeline.

In 1991, the German Parliament voted to move its capital from Bonn to Berlin.

In 2004, Pakistan and India reached agreement on banning nuclear testing.

In 2009, insurgents, striking in a series of attacks as U.S. troops pulled out of Iraq as planned, set off a truck bomb near a Shiite mosque in northern Iraq, killing 82 people and injuring 250.

In 2010, Juan Manuel Santos easily defeated former Bogota Mayor Antanas Mockus to become Colombia's president.

In 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court threw out a class-action lawsuit against Walmart that alleged sex discrimination against up to 1.5 million women.

In 2013, the Standard & Poor's 500 shed 40.74 points or 2.5 percent, to close at 1,588.19, its biggest daily drop in 19 months.

A thought for the day: "Whoever is careless with the truth in small matters cannot be trusted with important matters." -- Albert Einstein

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