UPI Almanac for Friday, June 13, 2014

The landmark Miranda ruling, Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman found slain in Brentwood ... on this date in history.

United Press International
Ernesto Miranda, whose case led to the landmark U.S. Supreme Court Miranda ruling in 1966, is shown in a Phoenix courtroom in this 1967 file photo. Miranda died in 1976. jr/File UPI
Ernesto Miranda, whose case led to the landmark U.S. Supreme Court Miranda ruling in 1966, is shown in a Phoenix courtroom in this 1967 file photo. Miranda died in 1976. jr/File UPI | License Photo

Today is Friday, June 13, the 164th day of 2014 with 201 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Neptune, Uranis and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Saturn.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include U.S. Army Gen. Winfield Scott in 1786; Irish poet and dramatist William Butler Yeats in 1865; British actor Basil Rathbone in 1892; British author Dorothy L. Sayers in 1893; Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi, winner of nine Olympic gold medals, in 1897; Mexican composer Carlos Chavez in 1899; football Hall of Fame member Harold "Red" Grange in 1903; radio-TV host Ralph Edwards in 1913; tennis Hall of Fame member Don Budge in 1915; comic actor Paul Lynde in 1926; Nobel economics laureate John Forbes Nash, subject of the book and movie "A Beautiful Mind," in 1928 (age 86); Bulgarian-born artist Christo (born Christo Vladimirov Javacheff) in 1935 (age 79); U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 1944 (age 70); actors Malcolm McDowell in 1943 (age 71) and Stellan Skarsgard and Richard Thomas, both in 1951 (age 63); comedian Tim Allen in 1953 (age 61); and actors Ally Sheedy in 1962 (age 52) and twins Ashley and Mary-Kate Olsen in 1986 (age 28).


On this date in history:

In 323 B.C., Alexander the Great died of fever in Babylon at age 33.

In 1944, the first German V-1 "buzz bomb" hit London.

In 1966, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Miranda vs. Arizona, ruled that police must inform all arrested people their constitutional rights before questioning them.

In 1967, Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American on the U.S. Supreme Court.

In 1976, Arizona Republic investigative reporter Don Bolles died as a result of injuries suffered when a bomb blew up his car 11 days earlier. He had been working on an organized crime story at the time of his death.

In 1977, James Earl Ray, convicted assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., was captured in a Tennessee wilderness area after escaping from prison.

In 1983, the robot spacecraft Pioneer 10 became the first man-made object to leave the solar system. It did so 11 years after it was launched.

In 1993, Canada got its first woman prime minister when the ruling Progressive Conservative Party elected Kim Campbell to head the party and thus the country.


In 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson, the ex-wife of former football star O.J. Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman were found stabbed to death outside her condominium in the Brentwood section of Los Angeles. (Simpson was charged with the murders and acquitted in a trial that became a media sensation. A civil court later found him liable in a wrongful-death lawsuit and, in an unrelated robbery case in Nevada, he was convicted in 2008 and sentenced to 33 years in prison.)

In 1996, members of the Freemen militia surrendered, 10 days after the FBI cut off electricity to their Montana compound. The standoff lasted 81 days.

In 2005, pop superstar Michael Jackson was acquitted by a California jury on charges of child molestation.

In 2009, incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was declared the winner in a disputed Iranian presidential election, touching off widespread clashes between protesters and police.

In 2011, the complete Pentagon Papers, a secret history of the Vietnam War, were made public 40 years after the first leaks were published. The excerpts leaked by Daniel Ellsberg led to a battle with the Nixon administration and a landmark ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court expanding freedom of the press.


In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that human genes cannot be patented.

A thought for the day: Joseph Joubert wrote, "Children need models more than they need critics."

Latest Headlines