UPI Almanac for Saturday, May 31, 2014

The Johnstown flood, Eichmann hangs, the Mavi Marmara attack … on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  May 31, 2014 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Saturday, May 31, the 151st day of 2014 with 214 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Genghis Khan, leader of the Mongol Empire, in 1162; poet Walt Whitman and surgeon William Mayo, founder of the Mayo Clinic, both in 1819; radio humorist Fred Allen in 1894; clergyman-author Norman Vincent Peale in 1898; actors Don Ameche in 1908 and Denholm Elliott in 1922; Prince Rainier of Monaco in 1923; actor/director Clint Eastwood in 1930 (age 84); folk singer Peter Yarrow in 1938 (age 76); country singer Johnny Paycheck, also in 1938; British human rights activist Terry Waite in 1939 (age 75); actor Sharon Gless and football Hall of Fame member Joe Namath, both in 1943 (age 71); British rock musician John Bonham in 1948; actors Tom Berenger in 1949 (age 65), Gregory Harrison in 1950 (age 64), Kyle Secor in 1957 (age 57); Lea Thompson in 1961 (age 53) and Colin Farrell in 1976 (age 38); actor/writer Chris Elliot in 1960 (age 54); and actor/model Brooke Shields in 1965 (age 49).

On this date in history:

In 1790, U.S. President George Washington signed a bill creating the first U.S. copyright law.

In 1889, a flood in Johnstown, Pa., left more than 2,200 people dead.

In 1902, Britain and South Africa signed a peace treaty ending the Boer War.

In 1927, the final Ford Model T was built. (More than 15 million of the vehicles were produced.)

In 1962, Israel hanged Adolf Eichmann for his part in the killing of 6 million Jews by Nazi Germany in World War II.

In 1985, seven federally insured banks in Arkansas, Minnesota, Nebraska and Oregon were closed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. It was a single-day record for closings since the FDIC was founded in 1934.

In 2003, Eric Robert Rudolph, the long-sought fugitive in the 1996 Atlanta Olympics bombing and attacks on abortion clinics and a gay nightclub, was arrested while rummaging through a Dumpster in North Carolina. (Rudolph, whose bombings killed two people and injured many others, was sentenced to four life terms in prison.)

In 2005, Mark Felt admitted that, while No. 2 man in the FBI, he was "Deep Throat," the shadowy contact whose help to Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein on the 1972 Watergate break-in led to U.S. President Richard Nixon's resignation.

In 2010, Israeli navy commandos attacked a humanitarian aid flotilla bound for Gaza. Nine Turkish activists on the Mavi Marmara were killed.

In 2011, the U.S. unemployment rate rose to 9.1 percent.

In 2012, John Edwards of North Carolina, former U.S. senator and presidential candidate, was acquitted on a charge of taking illegal campaign contributions and a judge declared a mistrial on five other charges against him.

In 2013, actress Jean Stapleton, known to millions of viewers as Edith Bunker in the hit 1970s sitcom "All in the Family," died at age 90 in New York City.

A thought for the day: Leo Tolstoy said, "It is amazing how complete is the delusion that beauty is goodness."

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