UPI Almanac for Sunday, April 20, 2014

Columbine, gulf oil rig blast, 'Sweet Micky' elected, Bhoja jet crash ... on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  April 20, 2014 at 3:31 AM
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Today is Sunday, April 20, the 110th day of 2014 with 255 to follow.

This is Easter.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. The evening stars are Jupiter and Mars.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include the Prophet Muhammad, founder of Islam, in 571; Roman Catholic St. Rose of Lima in 1586; French Emperor Napoleon III in 1808; sculptor Daniel Chester French, creator of "The Minute Man" statue, in 1850; golf pioneer "Young" Tom Morris in 1851; German dictator Adolf Hitler in 1889; silent film comedian Harold Lloyd and Spanish surrealist painter Joan Miro, both in 1893; musician Lionel Hampton in 1908; former U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens in 1920 (age 94); actors Nina Foch in 1924, George Takei in 1937 (age 77); Ryan O'Neal in 1941 (age 73) and Jessica Lange and Veronica Cartwright, both in 1949 (age 65); Steve Spurrier, football coach and 1966 Heisman Trophy winner, in 1945 (age 69); singer Luther Vandross in 1951; and actors Clint Howard in 1959 (age 55); Crispin Glover and Andy Serkis, both in 1964 (age 50), Carmen Electra in 1972 (age 42) and Joey Lawrence in 1976 (age 38).

On this date in history:

In 1653, Oliver Cromwell -- Puritan, revolutionary and lord protector of England -- dissolved Parliament to rule by decree.

In 1871, the U.S. Congress passed the Third Force Act, popularly known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, authorizing President Ulysses S. Grant to declare martial law, impose heavy penalties against terrorist organizations and use military force to suppress the Klan.

In 1902, Marie and Pierre Curie isolated radioactive radium salts from the mineral pitchblende in their laboratory in Paris.

In 1912, the first baseball games were played at Boston's Fenway Park and Detroit's Tiger Stadium.

In 1916, the first baseball game was played at Chicago's Weehhman Park, later renamed Wrigley Field.

In 1939, Billie Holiday recorded "Strange Fruit."

In 1976, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that federal courts could order low-cost housing for minorities in a city's white suburbs to ease racial segregation.

In 1991, the United States announced plans to open an office in Hanoi to investigate unresolved cases of 2,278 U.S. military personnel listed as MIAs and POWs.

In 1992, Madonna signed a multimillion-dollar deal with Time Warner to form an entertainment company that would make her the world's highest paid female pop star.

In 1998, a federal jury in Chicago awarded more than $85,000 in damages to two women's health clinics that had accused abortion rights opponents of threats and extortion in an effort to shut them down.

In 1999, two teenage boys killed 12 students and a teacher at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colo., before turning their guns on themselves.

In 2008, Danica Patrick won the Indy Japan 300 auto race, becoming the first woman to win an IndyCar event.

In 2010, an explosion and fire on a BP oil rig off the Louisiana coast in the Gulf of Mexico killed 11 workers and caused a massive oil spill. (It became the largest U.S. marine oil spill in history, stretching over almost three months and releasing about 4.9 million barrels of crude.)

In 2011, Michel Martelly, an entertainer who performed under the name "Sweet Micky," was elected president of Haiti in a runoff with former first lady Mirlande Manigat.

In 2012, a Pakistani Bhoja Air jetliner on a flight from Karachi crashed 5 miles from Islamabad, killing all 127 people aboard.

In 2013, an earthquake in China's Sichuan province killed nearly 200 people and injured thousands.

A thought for the day: "Middle age is when you're sitting at home on a Saturday night and the telephone rings and you hope it isn't for you." -- Ogden Nash

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