The almanac

By United Press International
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Today is Tuesday, Oct. 1, the 274th day of 2013 with 91 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars and Uranus. Evening stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Venus.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include Navy Capt. James Lawrence, hero of the War of 1812, in 1781; aerospace entrepreneur William Boeing in 1881; novelist Faith Baldwin in 1893; pianist Vladimir Horowitz in 1903; outlaw Bonnie Parker in 1910; historian Daniel Boorstin in 1914; Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States, in 1924 (age 89); former U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, also in 1924; baseball Hall of Fame member Rod Carew in 1945 (age 68); actors Walter Matthau in 1920, James Whitmore in 1921, Tom Bosley in 1927, George Peppard and Laurence Harvey, both in 1928, Richard Harris in 1930, Julie Andrews in 1935 (age 78), Stella Stevens in 1938 (age 75), Stephen Collins in 1947 (age 66), Randy Quaid in 1950 (age 63), Esai Morales in 1962 (age 51) and Zach Galifianakis in 1969 (age 44); and former home run leader Mark McGwire in 1963 (age 50).


On this date in history:

In 1903, the first World Series opened in Boston. The Boston Pilgrims of the American League closed out the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League in the eighth game of a best-of-nine series.

In 1908, Henry Ford introduced the Model-T automobile.

In 1949, Mao Zedong and other communist leaders formally proclaimed establishment of the People's Republic of China.

In 1974, former U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell and four other Nixon administration officials went on trial on Watergate coverup charges.

In 1992, Dallas billionaire Ross Perot announced his candidacy for the presidency. He called his group the Reform Party.

In 1995, 10 Muslims were convicted of conspiring to conduct a terrorist campaign in the New York City area aimed at forcing the United States to drop its support of Egypt and Israel.

In 2005, 36 people, mostly foreign tourists, died in explosions at two resort restaurants on the island of Bali. More than 100 others were injured.

In 2009, an international scientific team in Ethiopia announced an almost completed skeleton of an early human ancestor dating from about 4.4 million years ago.


In 2010, White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel resigned to run for mayor of Chicago.

In 2011, about 400 Occupy Wall Street protesters, close to half of those who took part in demanding U.S. social and economic policy change, were arrested by New York City police when they blocked traffic on the Brooklyn Bridge.

In 2012, the White House announced that a national monument would be built in California honoring labor leader and civil rights activist Cesar Chavez, who died in 1993. President Barack Obama said Chavez "gave a voice to poor and disenfranchised workers everywhere."

A thought for the day: "Don't give up the ship," the dying words of an American naval hero, Capt. James Lawrence, became an honored naval motto.

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