The almanac

By United Press International

Today is Friday, July 19, the 200th day of 2013 with 165 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter Mars, Mercury, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Saturn and Venus.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include American firearms inventor Samuel Colt in 1814; French painter Edgar Degas in 1834; accused ax murderer Lizzie Borden in 1860; Dr. Charles H. Mayo, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic, in 1865; author A.J. Cronin in 1896; former U.S. Sen. George McGovern, D-S.D. (1972 Democratic presidential nominee) in 1922; former CIA agent-turned-author Philip Agee in 1935; singer Vikki Carr in 1941 (age 72); tennis Hall of Fame member Ilie Nastase in 1946 (age 67); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Bernie Leadon (Eagles), in 1947 (age 66); and actors Anthony Edwards in 1962 (age 51) and Benedict Cumberbatch in 1976 (age 37).


On this date in history:

In 1848, "bloomers," a radical departure in women's clothing, were introduced to the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, N.Y. They were named after Amelia Jenks Bloomer.

In 1911, Pennsylvania became the first U.S. state to pass laws censoring movies.

In 1918, the end of World War I approached as the German army began retreating across the Marne River in France.

In 1946, Marilyn Monroe was given her first screen test at Twentieth Century-Fox Studios. Even without sound, the test was enough to earn Monroe her first contract.

In 1969, John Fairfax of Britain arrived at Fort Lauderdale, Fla., to become the first person to row across the Atlantic alone.

In 1984, U.S. Rep. Geraldine Ferraro, D-N.Y., was chosen as Walter Mondale's vice presidential running mate at the Democratic National Convention. She was the first woman on a major ticket.

In 1989, a crippled DC-10 jetliner crash-landed in a cornfield in Sioux City, Iowa. Amazingly, 181 of the 293 people aboard survived.

In 1990, Major League Baseball record-holder Pete Rose was sentenced to five months in prison for tax evasion.

In 1993, the Pentagon announced its "don't ask, don't tell, don't pursue" policy toward homosexuals in the U.S. military.


In 1996, the Summer Olympics opened in Atlanta with a record 197 countries taking part.

In 1997, the IRA declared a cease-fire in its long war to force Britain out of Northern Ireland.

In 2005, U.S. Appeals Court Judge John Roberts was nominated by U.S. President George Bush to the U.S. Supreme Court, replacing the resigned Sandra Day O'Connor. After the death of William Rehnquist, Roberts' nomination was changed to make him chief justice.

In 2007, on Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average closed at more than 14,000 for the first time.

In 2010, a speeding express train slammed into the rear of a train preparing to leave a West Bengal station in India, killing more than 60 people and injuring more than 100 others. Driver error was blamed.

In 2012, the U.S. Defense Department said military personnel would be permitted to march in uniform in a San Diego Gay Pride Parade.

A thought for the day: Yogi Berra said, "It ain't over 'til it's over."

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