The almanac

By United Press International  |  July 7, 2013 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Sunday, July 7, the 188th day of 2013 with 177 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mars, Jupiter, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Mercury, Saturn and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include Austrian composer Gustav Mahler in 1860; Russian-born painter Marc Chagall in 1887; film director George Cukor in 1899; Italian film director Vittorio De Sica in 1901; baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Leroy "Satchel" Paige and zither player Anton Karas ("The Third Man") in 1906; science fiction author Robert Heinlein in 1907; composer Gian Carlo Menotti in 1911; Chicago 7 defense lawyer William Kunstler in 1919; Ezzard Charles, heavyweight boxing champion, in 1921; French fashion designer Pierre Cardin in 1922 (age 91); bandleader Doc Severinsen in 1927 (age 86); singer Mary Ford in 1924; historian David McCullough in 1933 (age 80); former Beatle Ringo Starr in 1940 (age 73); film critic Joel Siegel in 1943; actors Joe Spano in 1946 (age 67), Shelley Duvall in 1949 (age 64) and Billy Campbell in 1959 (age 54); and figure skater Michelle Kwan in 1980 (age 33).

On this date in history:

In 1846, U.S. Navy Commodore J.D. Sloat proclaimed the annexation of California by the United States.

In 1865, four people convicted of conspiring with John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln were hanged in Washington.

In 1898, U.S. President William McKinley signed a joint resolution of Congress authorizing the annexation of Hawaii by the United States.

In 1946, Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850-1917) became the first American to be canonized a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.

In 1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon said he wouldn't appear before the Senate Watergate Investigating Committee or give it access to White House files.

In 1981, Sandra Day O'Connor was chosen by U.S. President Ronald Reagan to become the first woman on the U.S. Supreme Court. She was unanimously approved by the Senate.

In 1999, a Miami-Dade County jury held the leading tobacco companies liable for various illnesses of Florida smokers. The class-action lawsuit, filed in 1994, was the first of its kind to reach trial.

In 2003, actor and dancer Buddy Ebsen, known to millions of TV fans as "Beverly Hillbilly" Jed Clampett and detective Barnaby Jones, died in Southern California. He was 95.

In 2005, terrorists struck the London transit system, setting off explosions in three subway cars and a double-decker bus in a coordinated rush-hour attack. Fifty-two people were killed and more than 700 injured.

In 2009, thousands of figures from the worlds of entertainment, politics, sports and activism jammed into Los Angeles' Staples Center, and about 250,000 others gather outside the building, for a public memorial service for pop icon Michael Jackson.

In 2010, a Paris court sentenced former Panama ruler Manuel Noriega to seven years in prison for money laundering. He was convicted of funneling about $3 million of Colombian drug money into French bank accounts.

In 2011, a federal appeals court barred further enforcement of the U.S. military's ban on openly gay service members, the "don't ask, don't tell" policy scheduled to end on repeal in September.

In 2012, U.S. Rep. Barney Frank of Massachusetts married his longtime partner, Jim Ready, in a ceremony officiated by Gov. Deval Patrick.

A thought for the day: Benjamin Franklin wrote, "We are all born ignorant but one must work hard to remain stupid."

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