The almanac

United Press International

This is Tuesday, March 5, the 64th day of 2013 with 301 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Venus and Saturn. The evening stars are Jupiter, Uranus and Mars.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Pisces. They include Flemish mapmaker Gerardus Mercator in 1512; the Rev. William Blackstone, the first settler in what is now Boston, in 1595; Antoine Cadillac, founder of Detroit, in 1658; poet Lucy Larcom and lithographer James Ives, partner of Nathaniel Currier, both in 1824; author Frank Norris in 1870; water treatment pioneer Emmett J. Culligan in 1893; actors Rex Harrison in 1908, Jack Cassidy in 1927, Paul Sand in 1935 (age 78), Dean Stockwell in 1936 (age 77), Samantha Eggar in 1939 (age 74), Michael Warren in 1946 (age 67) and Marsha Warfield in 1954 (age 59); magician Penn Jillette of Penn and Teller in 1955 (age 58); journalist Ray Suarez in 1957 (age 56); singer Andy Gibb in 1958; televangelist Joel Osteen in 1963 (age 50); football Hall of Fame member Michael Irvin in 1966 (age 47); actor Eva Mendes in 1974 (age 39).

On this date in history:

In 1770, British troops killed five colonials in the so-called Boston Massacre, one of the events that led to the American Revolution.

In 1933, in German elections, Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party won nearly half the seats in the Reichstag, the German Parliament.

In 1946, Winston Churchill, speaking in Fulton, Mo., established the Cold War boundary during his famed "Iron Curtain" speech.

In 1953, the Soviet Union announced that dictator Josef Stalin had died at age 73.

In 1984, the Standard Oil Co. of California, also known as Chevron, bought Gulf Corp. for more than $13 billion in the largest business merger in U.S. history at the time.

In 1991, rebellions against Saddam Hussein were reported in southeastern Iraq. U.S. military officials predicted the unrest probably would lead to his downfall.

In 1993, Canada's Ben Johnson, once called the world's fastest human, tested positive for performance-enhancing drugs and was banned for life from track competition.

In 1997, Switzerland announced plans to establish a $4.7 billion government-financed fund, using interest from its gold reserves, to compensate survivors of the Nazi Holocaust and their descendants.

In 1998, NASA announced that ice had been found at the moon's north and south poles.

In 2006, Iran threatened to launch full-scale uranium enrichment if its nuclear program was referred to the U.N. Security Council for sanctions.

In 2011, New Zealand rescue teams completed their search of the earthquake-devastated Christchurch cathedral and reported no further bodies, leaving the unofficial death toll from the Feb. 22 magnitude-6.3 temblor at 180.

Also in 2011, archeologists renovating the Rio de Janeiro harbor for the 2016 Olympics reported uncovering the remains of a 19th-century port where thousands of people arrived from Africa and sold into slavery.

In 2012, meeting in Washington with Benjamin Netanyahu, U.S. President Barack Obama urged the Israeli prime minister to give diplomacy and European oil sanctions a chance before taking military action against Iran.

A thought for the day: Winston Churchill said: "It is no use saying, 'We are doing our best.' You have got to succeed in doing what is necessary."

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