The almanac

United Press International

Today is Thursday, Jan. 10, the 10th day of 2013 with 355 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mercury, Mars and Saturn. The evening stars Venus, Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Capricorn. They include; silent screen actor Francis X. Bushman in 1883; poet Robinson Jeffers in 1887; Max Patkin, the Clown Prince of Baseball, in 1920; actors Ray Bolger in 1904, Paul Henreid in 1908, Sal Mineo in 1939 and William Sanderson in 1944 (age 69); historian Stephen Ambrose in 1936; Olympic decathlon champion Bill Toomey in 1939 (age 74); singers Johnnie Ray in 1927, Frank Sinatra Jr. in 1944 (age 69) and Jim Croce in 1943. rock 'n' roll Hall of Fame members Ronnie Hawkins in 1935 (age 78), Rod Stewart in 1945 (age 68) and Donald Fagen in 1948 (age 65); X-rated film actor Linda Lovelace in 1949; boxer George Foreman in 1949 (age 64); singer Pat Benatar in 1953 (age 60); singer Shawn Colvin in 1956 (age 57); and New Zealand screenwriter Fran Walsh in 1959 (age 54).


On this date in history:

In 49 B.C., Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon, beginning the Roman civil war.

In 1776, "Common Sense" by political philosopher Thomas Paine was published. The pamphlet advocated American independence from England.

In 1861, Florida seceded from the United States.

In 1878, a constitutional amendment that would give women the right to vote was introduced into the U.S. Senate. It wasn't until 42 years later that the amendment was signed into law.

In 1901, oil was discovered at the Spindletop claim near Beaumont, Texas, launching the Southwest oil boom.

In 1920, the League of Nations came into being as the Treaty of Versailles went into effect.

In 1929, "The Adventures of Tintin" comic book first published.

In 1946, the first meeting of the U.N. General Assembly convened in London.

In 1984, the United States established full diplomatic relations with the Vatican for the first time in 116 years.

In 1996, rebels in the Russian republic of Chechnya holding 2,000 rebels released all but 130 and were allowed to flee. However, before they reached the border, Russian troops attacked the convoy, beginning a five-day standoff.

In 2000, America Online announced it had agreed to buy Time Warner for $165 billion, in what would be the biggest merger in history.


In 2003, North Korea announced it was withdrawing from the 1979 nuclear non-proliferation treaty.

In 2005, Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip elected Mahmoud Abbas their new president, succeeding the late Yasser Arafat.

In 2006, Iran unsealed its nuclear facility at Natanz and resumed atomic research for what it claimed to be peaceful purposes but sparking international ire.

In 2007, U.S. President George W. Bush announced he was sending more than 20,000 additional troops to Iraq, most of them deployed in Baghdad, in what was labeled a troop "surge."

Also in 2007, the U.S. House of Representatives approved a $2.10-an-hour increase in the national minimum wage, raising the figure to $7.25.

In 2008, U.S. forces mounted a major air offensive against al-Qaida targets on the southern outskirts of Baghdad, the military said. Within 10 minutes, warplanes dropped 38 1,000-pound bombs on suspected al-Qaida safe houses.

Also in 2008, at least 23 people were killed and 60 others injured when a suicide bomber detonated outside a busy courthouse at midday in Lahore, Pakistan.

And, Edmund Hillary, who gained international fame as a member of the first climbing party to scale Mount Everest, died in Auckland, New Zealand, at age 88.


In 2009, a published report said Israel dropped a plan to bomb Iranian nuclear facilities after U.S. President George W. Bush denied permission to fly over Iraq. The New York Times said further the Bush administration also turned down a request for bunker-busting bombs.

Also in 2009, six Somali pirates drowned during a dispute in their overloaded boat as they tried to escape with an alleged $3 million ransom for the Saudi oil supertanker Sirius Star.

In 2011, Mississippi sisters, Gladys and Jaime Scott, in their 30s, were released from prison after serving 16 years of a life sentence for a reported $11 armed robbery, and became a national civil rights cause, on condition that one donates a kidney to her ailing sibling, if doctors say it's safe.

In 2012, U.S. gas prices went up by more than 10 cents a gallon in three weeks.

Also in 2012, Libyan and U.N. officials signed an agreement creating the legal framework for the United Nations' support mission in the country.

A thought for the day: Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote, "Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail."

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