Today is Tuesday, Oct. 30, the 304th day of 2012 with 62 to follow.
The moon is waning. The morning stars are Venus, Saturn and Jupiter. The evening stars are Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Mars.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include John Adams, second president of the United States, in 1735; Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky in 1821; French Impressionist painter Alfred Sisley in 1839; French poet Paul Valery in 1871; U.S. Navy Adm. William Halsey, Jr. in 1882; poet Ezra Pound in 1885; strongman Charles Atlas in 1892; actor Ruth Gordon in 1896; baseball Hall of Fame member Bill Terry in 1898; French film director Louis Malle in 1932; rock 'n' roll Hall of Fame member Grace Slick in 1939 (age 73); actor/director Henry Winkler in 1945 (age 67); news correspondent Andrea Mitchell in 1946 (age 66); rock musicians Chris Slade in 1946 (age 66) and Timothy B. Schmit in 1947 (age 65); and actors Harry Hamlin in 1951 (age 61) and Nia Long in 1970 (age 42).
On this date in history:
In 1817, Simon Bolivar established the independent government of Venezuela.
In 1922, Benito Mussolini became prime minister of Italy.
In 1938, Orson Welles triggered a national panic with a realistic radio dramatization of a Martian invasion, based on H.G. Wells' "War of the Worlds."
In 1941, more than a month before the United States entered World War II, a U.S. destroyer, the USS Reuben James, was sunk by a German submarine.
In 1975, as dictator Francisco Franco was near death, Prince Juan Carlos assumed power in Spain.
In 1983, the Rev. Jesse Jackson announced plans to become the first African-American to mount a full-scale campaign for the Democratic Party presidential nomination in the United States.
In 1991, the Middle East peace conference convened in Madrid with participants including Israel, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestinians from the Israeli-occupied territories.
In 1993, the U.N. Security Council condemned Haiti's military leaders for preventing the return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
In 1995, by a narrow margin, Quebec voters decided to remain a part of Canada.
In 2003, the death toll in the Southern California wildfire outbreak was set at 20 with 2,605 homes destroyed and 657,000 acres charred.
In 2005, Indian authorities sent army divers to look for people trapped in a derailed train near Veligonda, the result of massive flooding. Officials said 112 died in the train wreck while another 100 perished in the flood.
In 2006, Pakistani forces attacked an Islamic school near the Afghan border, killing at least 80 suspected militants.
In 2007, Iraqi rebuilding has fallen far short of goals, despite expenditures of more than $100 billion, a report from the special inspector general for Iraq reconstruction said.
In 2008, the U.S. gross domestic product dropped 0.3 percent, government officials say. It's the first decrease in the GDP in 17 years.
Also in 2008, nine explosions ripped through crowded places in four towns in northern India, killing at least 39 people and wounding more than 100, police said.
And, the U.S. Department of Justice approved a $28.1 billion merger of Verizon Wireless and Alltel Corp. that would result in the nation's largest wireless company.
In 2010, security screening of cargo and air passengers in the United States, Britain and Canada was stepped up after bombs were found in packages from Yemen to two Chicago synagogues.
In 2011, the Obama administration is reported seeking to reinforce military ties with six Middle East nations -- Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Regional leaders have voiced concern about possible instability in the area when American troops go home, in light of an increasing threat from Iran.
Also in 2011, an explosion in a southeastern China coal mine, believed caused by natural gas, killed 29 workers. Six miners were rescued.
A thought for the day: in a letter to Thomas Jefferson, John Adams said, "You and I ought not to die before we have explained ourselves to each other." The two former presidents and political rivals both died on July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the U.S. Declaration of Independence.