The almanac

By United Press International  |  July 13, 2012 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Friday, July 13, the 195th day of 2012 with 171 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Venus, Jupiter, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Mercury, Saturn and Mars.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include the Rev. Edward Flanagan, founder of Boys Town, in 1886; Dave Garroway, former host of TV's "Today Show," in 1913; former HUD Secretary, congressman and pro football star Jack Kemp in 1935; actors Bob Crane in 1928, Patrick Stewart in 1940 (age 72) and Harrison Ford in 1942 (age 70); rock musician Roger McGuinn in 1942 (age 70); Rubik's Cube inventor Erno Rubik of Hungary in 1944 (age 68); comedian Cheech Marin in 1946 (age 66); radio and television sports commentator Tony Kornheiser in 1948 (age 64); country singer Louise Mandrell in 1954 (age 58); and screenwriter and director Cameron Crowe in 1957 (age 55).

On this date in history:

In 1859, Mexican revolutionary President Benito Juarez ordered property of the Roman Catholic Church confiscated throughout Mexico.

In 1863, opposition to the Federal Conscription Act led to riots in New York City. More than 1,000 people were killed.

In 1898, Guglielmo Marconi was awarded a patent for wireless telegraphy, the radio.

In 1960, Democrats nominated Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts for president against GOP Vice President Richard Nixon.

In 1977, a state of emergency was declared in New York City when the area suffered a 25-hour power blackout.

In 1985, more than 50 rock stars performed a total of 17 hours at televised "Live Aid" concerts in Philadelphia and London to raise money for African famine relief.

In 1990, the U.S. Senate gave final legislative approval to a bill that would forbid discrimination based on disability, including that caused by AIDS or alcoholism. President George H.W. Bush signed the measure into law July 26.

In 1992, Yitzhak Rabin became Israel's new prime minister, ending the hard-line Likud Party's 15-year reign.

In 1998, Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto resigned, a victim of the country's economic woes.

In 2000, the leader of Fiji's successful coup freed the former prime minister and 17 other hostages, ending a 2-month crisis.

In 2002, The Bush administration said that fiscal 2002 would see a deficit of $165 billion despite the $127 billion surplus recorded for the fiscal year that ended Sept. 30, 2001.

In 2003, the new 25-member Iraqi council, representing all major religious and ethnic groups in the country, had its first meeting in a major step toward self-government.

Also in 2003, a senior U.S. official said North Korea apparently had begun reprocessing spent nuclear fuel rods, suggesting the country planned to produce nuclear weapons.

In 2005, a judge in New York sentenced former WorldCom Chief Executive Officer Bernard Ebbers to 25 years in prison for his part in what was described as the largest fraud in U.S. corporate history.

Also in 2005, a U.S. soldier and 24 Iraqis, including seven children, were killed by a suicide car bomber at a Baghdad checkpoint.

In 2008, the U.S. Treasury Department announced a plan to save two major government-backed mortgage companies known as Fannie Mac and Freddie Mac with billions of dollars in investments and loans.

In 2009, the U.S. budget deficit in the current fiscal year pushed to more than $1 trillion in June, the Treasury Department said.

Also in 2009, alleged World War II Nazi camp guard John Demjanuk was formally charged in Berlin with being an accessory to about 27,000 deaths during the war. A 1988 trial in Israel found the 90-year-old U.S. resident guilty of war crimes and sentenced him to death but the verdict was overturned on a mistaken identity claim.

In 2010, four months before the 2010 midterm elections, 58 percent of voters surveyed in a Washington Post-ABC News poll indicated doubt in U.S. President Barack Obama's leadership.

Also in 2010, some 300 people were arrested in Italy in a crackdown against the Calabrian mafia on charges ranging from murder to drug and arms trafficking.

In 2011, terrorists detonated three coordinated bombs in a late afternoon attack on Mumbai, India, striking the opera house, a bazaar and a third target. Officials said 26 people were killed and 130 injured.

A thought for the day: poet John Gay said,

"Life is a jest; and all things show it.

"I thought so once; and now I know it."

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