The almanac

By United Press International
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Today is Monday, June 25, the 177th day of 2012 with 189 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Venus, Jupiter, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Mercury, Saturn and Mars.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include French composer Gustave Charpentier in 1860; Broadway producer George Abbott in 1887; English novelist and critic George Orwell, author of "1984," in 1903; movie director Sidney Lumet in 1924; actor June Lockhart in 1925 (age 87); civil rights advocate James Meredith in 1933 (age 79); musician Harold Melvin in 1939; basketball Hall of Fame member Willis Reed in 1942 (age 70); actor Jimmie Walker in 1947 (age 65); and musicians Carly Simon in 1945 (age 67), Ian McDonald in 1946 (age 66) and George Michael in 1963 (age 49); Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Sonia Sotomayor in 1954 (age 58); actor/writer Ricky Gervais in 1961 (age 51).


On this date in history:

In 1788, Virginia ratified the U.S. Constitution, the 10th state to do so.

In 1876, U.S. Army Gen. George Custer and his force of 208 men were killed by Chief Sitting Bull's Sioux warriors at Little Big Horn in Montana.

In 1942, U.S. Army Gen. Dwight Eisenhower took command of the U.S. World War II forces in Europe.

In 1950, North Korean forces invaded South Korea.

In 1951, CBS aired the first color television broadcast. At the time, no color TV sets were owned by the public.

In 1962, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down a decision interpreted as barring prayer in public schools.

In 1967, with Mick Jagger, Keith Richard and others singing backup, the Beatles recorded "All You Need Is Love" before an international television audience estimated at 400 million people.

In 1973, White House attorney John Dean told a U.S. Senate committee that U.S. President Richard Nixon joined in a plot to cover up the Watergate break-in.

In 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia, sparking civil war.

In 1993, Kim Campbell was sworn in as Canada's first woman prime minister.


In 1994, Japan's Prime Minister Tsutomu Hata resigned two months after taking office rather than face a no-confidence vote by Parliament.

In 1996, a truck bomb killed 19 U.S. military personnel in Saudi Arabia. Several hundred more people were injured.

In 1997, about half of Mir's power supply was knocked out when an unmanned cargo ship collided with the Russian space station and put a hole in it.

Also in 1997, Montserrat's Soufriere Hills Volcano, after lying dormant for 400 years, erupted -- wiping out two-thirds of the Caribbean island and forcing most of the population to relocate.

In 1998, U.S. President Bill Clinton arrived in China for a much-debated visit.

In 2003, the Federal Reserve Board lowered the key federal funds rate, the overnight loan rate between banks, to 1.0 percent, lowest since 1958.

In 2004, the film "Fahrenheit 9/11," Michael Moore's critical view of the invasion of Iraq, broke box office records for a documentary in its first few days.

In 2005, religious conservative Tehran Mayor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was elected president of Iran.

In 2006, Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit was kidnapped by militants striking from the Gaza Strip. He was released Oct. 18, 2011.


Also in 2006, Warren Buffett announced plans to give away 85 percent of his shares in his company, about $37 billion, to charity. Most of that -- some $31 billion -- was earmarked for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

In 2007, a North Korea official said his country was ready to close its nuclear program.

Also in 2007, suicide bombers killed more than 40 people in Iraq, including a tribal chief and 11 others in a five-star Baghdad hotel.

In 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court, by a 5-4 vote, ruled that the death penalty is unconstitutional for child rape.

Also in 2008, North Korean officials destroyed a cooling tower at the Yongbyon nuclear facility as part of the country's pledge to end its nuclear weapons program.

In 2009, entertainment superstar Michael Jackson, known as "the king of pop," a vast influence on the music scene of his day, died of cardiac arrest at age 50 while preparing a comeback.

In 2011, at least 30 people were killed by a car bomb that destroyed a hospital 40 miles southeast of Kabul, Afghanistan, regional authorities said. Other reports put the death toll at 60.


A thought for the day: James H. Boren defined bureaucrats as "the only people in the world who can say absolutely nothing and mean it."

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