The almanac

By United Press International
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Today is Saturday, Oct. 1, the 274th day of 2011 with 91 to follow.

The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Uranus, Venus and Saturn. The evening stars are Jupiter and Mars.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include Navy Capt. James Lawrence, hero of the War of 1812, in 1781; novelist Faith Baldwin in 1893; pianist Vladimir Horowitz in 1903; outlaw Bonnie Parker in 1910; historian Daniel Boorstin in 1914; Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States, in 1924 (age 87); U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, in 1924; baseball Hall of Fame member Rod Carew in 1945 (age 66); actors Walter Matthau in 1920, James Whitmore in 1921, Tom Bosley in 1927, George Peppard and Laurence Harvey, both in 1928, Richard Harris in 1932, Julie Andrews in 1935 (age 76), Stella Stevens in 1938 (age 73), Stephen Collins in 1947 (age 64), Randy Quaid in 1950 (age 61) and Esai Morales in 1962 (age 49); and former home run champ Mark McGwire in 1963 (age 48).


On this date in history:

In 1903, the first World Series opened in Boston. The Boston Pilgrims of the American League closed out the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League in the eighth game of a best-of-nine series.

In 1908, Henry Ford introduced the Model-T automobile.

In 1949, Mao Zedong and other communist leaders formally proclaimed establishment of the People's Republic of China.

In 1974, former U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell and four other Nixon administration officials went on trial on Watergate coverup charges.

In 1991, the United States suspended economic aid to Haiti and refused to recognize the military junta that ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

In 1992, Dallas billionaire Ross Perot announced his candidacy for the presidency. He called his group the Reform Party.

Also in 1992, a missile accidentally fired by the USS Saratoga struck a Turkish destroyer in the Aegean Sea, killing nine Turkish sailors.

In 1995, 10 Muslims were convicted of conspiring to conduct a terrorist campaign in the New York City area aimed at forcing the United States to drop its support of Egypt and Israel.

In 2001, about 40 people were killed when a militant Muslim group attacked the legislative assembly building in the Indian province of Jammu and Kashmir.


In 2004, the U.S. army said it killed 109 Sunni insurgents in a major offensive with Iraqi national guards against the city of Samara.

In 2005, a reported 36 people, mostly foreign tourists, died in explosions at two resort restaurants on the island of Bali. More than 100 others were reported injured.

In 2006, Brazilians voted for president following a campaign rife with corruption allegations against incumbent and favored Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.

In 2008, the U.S. Senate voted to end the ban on trading nuclear fuel with India, a move that allows India to buy nuclear fuel on the world market for civilian purposes.

In 2009, after talks with the United States and others, Iran agreed to send its enriched uranium to Russia and open its nuclear plant to international inspection.

Also in 2009, the International Monetary Fund forecast a comeback in world economy, after a "deep global recession," with an expected 3.1 percent increase in worldwide economic activity in 2010.

And, an international scientific team in Ethiopia announced an almost completed skeleton of an early human ancestor dating from about 4.4 million years ago.

In 2010, 15 attackers, armed with rocket launchers and assault rifles, destroyed at least 27 tanker trucks carrying fuel for NATO forces in Afghanistan at a fuel station in southern Pakistan. Drivers were chased away before the trucks were set on fire.


Also in 2010, White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel resigned to run for mayor of Chicago.

A thought for the day: the dying words of American naval hero Capt. James Lawrence -- "Don't give up the ship" -- became an honored naval motto.

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