The almanac

By United Press International

Today is Sunday, Jan. 11, the 11th day of 2009 with 354 to follow.

The moon is full. The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Uranus and Neptune.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Capricorn. They include American statesman Alexander Hamilton, first secretary of the U.S. Treasury, in 1757; Ezra Cornell, founder of Western Union Telegraph company and Cornell University, in 1807; John MacDonald, first prime minister of Canada, in 1815; psychologist and philosopher William James in 1842; feminist lawyer Alice Paul in 1885; South African novelist Alan Paton ("Cry the Beloved Country") in 1903; actor Rod Taylor in 1930 (age 79); Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien in 1934 (age 75); and singers Naomi Judd in 1946 (age 63) and Mary J. Blige in 1971 (age 38).

On this date in history:


In 1785, the Continental Congress convened in New York City.

In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union.

In 1935, U.S. aviator Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly from Hawaii to California.

In 1964, U.S. Surgeon General Luther Terry released a report saying smoking cigarettes is a definite "health hazard."

In 1984, the U.S. Supreme Court reinstated a $10 million award to the family of Oklahoma nuclear worker Karen Silkwood, who died in 1974.

In 1990, martial law, imposed during the June 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy movement, was lifted in Beijing.

In 1995, the U.S. State Department accused Russia of breaking an international agreement by making major troop movements into the rebel republic of Chechnya without providing notification.

In 1996, the Japanese Diet elected Ryutaro Hashimoto, head of the Liberal Democratic Party, as the new prime minister.

In 2000, the British government declared Chile's Augusto Pinochet medically unfit to stand trial in Spain. The ruling cleared the way for the former dictator to avoid charges of crimes against humanity.

In 2001, a yearlong investigation by the U.S. Army concluded that U.S. soldiers killed unarmed South Korean civilians in July 1950 during the Korean War.

In 2002, Ford announced it planned to lay off 35,000 employees, drop four car models and close four plants.


Also in 2002, Taliban and al-Qaida fighters captured in Afghanistan were flown to the U.S. Navy base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba.

And more from 2002, the father who killed another father after hockey practice in which their sons took part at a Reading, Mass., rink, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter.

In 2003, a few days before leaving office, Illinois Gov. George Ryan commuted the death sentences of 171 inmates to life in prison.

In 2005, U.S. President George Bush nominated federal Judge Michael Chertoff to be the director of Homeland Security.

Also in 2005, NASA scientists studying the tsunami-inducing Indonesia earthquake of Dec. 26 calculated it slightly changed Earth's shape and shifted the poles by about 1 inch.

In 2006, China confirmed a new outbreak of bird flu with the deaths of two more people, bringing the number of avian influenza deaths there to five.

And India reported as many as 172 deaths have been blamed on a cold wave.

In 2007, the president of Sudan agreed to a 60-day cease-fire in the country's war-torn Darfur region but continued to oppose a U.N. presence in the African country.

Also in 2007, an Indonesian fisherman found a piece of an airliner missing since Jan. 1 with 102 aboard off the coast of South Sulawesi. Authorities had said there were 12 known survivors.


In 2007 sports, Florida upset Ohio State for the national college football championship and three months later, beat Ohio State again for its second consecutive college basketball title.

In 2008, the U.S. government set up a possible confrontation with several states when it issued national guidelines for official identification.

A thought for the day: William James said, "There is no worse lie than a truth misunderstood by those who hear it."

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