The almanac

By United Press International
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Today is Tuesday, Jan. 22, the 22nd day of 2008 with 344 to follow.

The moon is full. The morning stars are Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Venus, Mercury, Uranus and Neptune.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Aquarius. They include Russian Czar Ivan III, known as Ivan the Great, in 1440; English philosopher and statesman Francis Bacon in 1561; French physicist Andre Ampere in 1775; British poet George Byron in 1788; D.W. Griffith, legendary silent film director ("Birth of a Nation"), in 1875; U.N. Secretary-General U Thant in 1909; actresses Ann Sothern in 1909 and Piper Laurie in 1932 (age 76); actor Bill Bixby in 1934; soul singer Sam Cooke in 1935; author Joseph Wambaugh in 1937 (age 71); actor John Hurt in 1940 (age 68); Journey lead singer Steve Perry in 1949 (age 59); and actors Linda Blair ("The Exorcist") in 1959 (age 49); Olivia D'Abo in 1969 (age 39) and Balthazar Getty in 1975 (age 33).


On this date in history:

In 1771, Spain ceded the Falkland Islands to Britain.

In 1901, Queen Victoria of Britain died at age 82 after a reign of 64 years.

In 1943, U.S. and Australian troops took New Guinea in the first land victory over the Japanese in World War II.

In 1944, U.S. troops invaded Italy, landing at Anzio beach in a move to outflank German defensive positions.

In 1973, in the Roe vs. Wade decision, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down state laws restricting abortions during the first six months of pregnancy.

In 1985, a cold wave damaged 90 percent of the Florida citrus crop.

In 1987, Glen Tremml, 27, pedaled the ultralight aircraft Eagle over Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., for a human-powered flight record of 37.2 miles.

In 1991, Iraq launched a Scud missile attack against Israel, injuring 98 people. Three others died of heart attacks.

In 1995, two Palestinians killed 18 Israeli soldiers, a civilian and themselves in a bombing outside a military camp in central Israel.

In 1996, Costas Simitis was chosen to be prime minister of Greece. His predecessor, Andreas Papandreou, had stepped down due to ill health.


In 1998, accused bomber Ted Kaczynski pleaded guilty to all counts against him in California and New Jersey. He was sentenced to life in prison on May 4.

In 2003, the U.S. Senate approved the nomination of former Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Ridge to be the first secretary of Homeland Security by a 94-0 vote.

Also in 2003, snowboard pioneer Craig Kelly died in a British Columbia avalanche.

In 2005, the Indian navy in New Delhi reported finding a tsunami victim 25 days after he had been sucked into the sea and tossed onto a small island where he survived on coconuts until rescued.

In 2006, Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz said his country was prepared to "defend itself" if Iran did not halt its nuclear research program.

In 2007, hampered by crowds of scavengers, emergency workers in southwest England secured a grounded freighter that spilled cargo and 200 tons of oil.

A thought for the day: Linus Pauling said, "The best way to have a good idea is to have lots of ideas."

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