The Almanac

By United Press International   |   Nov. 10, 2006 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Friday, Nov. 10, the 314th day of 2006 with 51 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mercury, Saturn and Mars. The evening stars are Jupiter, Pluto, Venus, Uranus and Neptune.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism, in 1483; William Hogarth, English artist and engraver, in 1697; Irish author Oliver Goldsmith in 1730; actors Claude Rains in 1889, Richard Burton in 1925 and Roy Scheider in 1932 (age 74); singer Jane Froman in 1907; Billy May, bandleader/trumpet/arranger, in 1916; American Indian rights activist Russell Means in 1939 (age 67); lyricist Tim Rice in 1944 (age 62); country singer Donna Fargo in 1945 (age 61); actresses Ann Reinking in 1949 (age 57) and Mackenzie Phillips in 1959 (age 47); filmmaker Roland Emmerich ("Independence Day") in 1955 (age 51); and comedian Sinbad in 1956 (age 50).

On this date in history:

In 1775, the U.S. Marine Corps was formed by order of the Continental Congress.

In 1871, journalist Henry Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in a small African village. His famous comment: "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

In 1917, 41 women from 15 U.S. states were arrested outside the White House for suffragette demonstrations. U.S. women won the right to vote three years later.

In 1951, area codes were introduced in the United States, Canada and parts of the Caribbean, allowing direct-dialing of long-distance telephone calls. Prior to this, all such calls were operator-assisted.

In 1969, the long-running children's show "Sesame Street" premiered on PBS.

In 1975, the ore freighter Edmund Fitzgerald broke in two and sank during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew members. It was the worst Great Lakes ship disaster of the decade.

In 1982, Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev died at age 75 after 18 years in power.

In 1983, Microsoft released its Windows computer operating system.

In 1989, Bulgaria's long-reigning, hard-line president Todor Zhivkov resigned as democratic reform continued to sweep the Eastern Bloc.

In 1994, the United States Washington announced it would no longer police the arms embargo on the Muslim-led government of Bosnia.

Also in 1994, the only privately owned manuscript of Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci was sold at auction at Christie's in New York for $30.8 million, the highest amount paid for a manuscript.

In 1996, a bomb at a Moscow cemetery killed 11 and injured one dozen other people.

In 2001, Taliban officials confirmed that the Northern Alliance had captured the Afghan city of Mazar-e Sharif, while President George W. Bush told the U.N. General Assembly that the time had come for countries to take swift and decisive action against global terrorism.

In 2002, the U.S. House voted to allow U.S. President George Bush to take unilateral military action against Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq without conditions beyond Congress being informed almost immediately.

In 2003, Lee Malvo, one of two suspects in the rash of sniper shootings that terrorized the Washington area, pleaded not guilty as his trial opened in Chesapeake, Va. The trial overlapped that of the other suspect, John Muhammad, in Virginia Beach, Va.

In 2004, U.S. President George W. Bush announced he had selected White House General Counsel Alberto Gonzales to succeed the resigned John Ashcroft as attorney general.

Also in 2004, Shell Hydrogen opened the first hydrogen outlet at a retail gasoline station in Washington to service fuel cell vehicles from General Motors.

And, an Israeli parliamentary committee approved a bill prohibiting pensions to families of suicide bombers.

In 2005, a bomb explosion in a busy central Baghdad restaurant killed at least 34 people and wounded some 25 others.

Also in 2005, Palestinian Authority officials said rampant corruption and growing anarchy had security forces on the verge of collapse.

A thought for the day: Irish author Oliver Goldsmith said, "A book may be amusing with numerous errors, or it may be very dull without a single absurdity."

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