The Almanac

By United Press International  |  April 11, 2006 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Tuesday, April 11, the 101st day of 2006 with 264 to follow.

The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. The evening stars are Mars and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Aries. They include American statesman and orator Edward Everett in 1794; U.S. Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes in 1862; statesman Dean Acheson, secretary of State under President Harry Truman, in 1893; fashion designer Oleg Cassini in 1913; Ethel Kennedy, widow of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, in 1928 (age 78); actors Joel Grey in 1932 (age 74), Louise Lasser in 1939 (age 67) and Peter Riegert and Meshach Taylor, both in 1947 (age 59); and Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Ellen Goodman in 1948 (age 58).

On this date in history:

In 1945, the Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany was liberated by Allied troops.

In 1947, Jackie Robinson became the first black player in major league baseball, signing with the Brooklyn Dodgers.

In 1951, President Harry Truman relieved Gen. Douglas MacArthur of his command in Korea.

In 1968, one week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., President Lyndon Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1968.

In 1970, the Apollo 13 spacecraft was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on the third U.S. moon-landing mission. The attempt was aborted when an oxygen tank exploded, but the astronauts safely returned to Earth.

In 1983, Harold Washington was elected the first black mayor of Chicago.

In 1987, South Africa, extending a 9-month-old state of emergency, barred all protests on behalf of political detainees.

In 1991, Italian Prime Minister-designate Giulio Andreotti formed a coalition Cabinet to serve as Italy's 50th postwar government.

In 1992, loud, foul-mouthed shock comedian Sam Kinison died at age 38 in an auto crash in Needles, Calif., which critically injured his newlywed wife.

In 1993, nine inmates and one guard were killed when a riot erupted at the maximum security Southern Ohio Correctional Facility near Lucasville. The standoff lasted 11 days.

In 1996, Israel retaliated for bomb attacks by shelling Hezbollah positions in Lebanon. A U.N. refugee camp was struck, killing more than 100 civilians.

Also in 1996, 7-year-old pilot Jessica Dubroff, her dad and her flight instructor were killed when their plane crashed on take off from Cheyenne, Wyo.

In 1997, international peacekeepers landed in strife-torn Albania.

In 2002, a jury in Cleveland convicted U.S. Rep. James Traficant, D-Ohio, of racketeering and corruption.

In 2003, U.S. military officials listed 55 key figures in the Saddam Hussein regime still at large and identified each as a card in a special playing deck. Saddam, whose whereabouts were unknown, was the ace of spades.

In 2004, Gen. Mark Kimmitt, deputy commander of U.S. forces in Iraq, said 70 U.S. soldiers and 700 Iraqis had been killed in less than two weeks this month. Dozens of Americans were reported killed in the fierce fighting in the rebel stronghold of Fallujah.

In 2005, President George W. Bush's controversial nomination of Undersecretary of State John Bolton to be U.S. ambassador to the United Nations drew such sharp criticism that confirmation hearings were set back one week.

Also in 2005, seven people were reported dead and hundreds trapped when a nine-story garment factory collapsed 20 miles from the Dhaka, Bangladesh.

A thought for the day: it was Jerry Seinfeld who said, "A bookstore is one of the only pieces of evidence we have that people are still thinking."

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