The Almanac

By United Press International

Today is Monday, March 13, the 72nd day of 2006 with 293 to follow.

The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Mercury, Uranus, Neptune, Jupiter, Pluto and Venus. The evening stars are Mars and Saturn.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Pisces. They include English chemist Joseph Priestly, the discoverer of oxygen, in 1733; astronomer Percival Lowell in 1855; publisher Walter Annenberg in 1908; L. Ron Hubbard, science fiction writer and founder of the Church of Scientology, in 1911; CIA Director William Casey and bandleader Sammy Kaye, both in 1913; Helen "Callaghan" Candaele Saint Aubin, known as the "Ted Williams of women's baseball," in 1929; singer/songwriter Neil Sedaka in 1939 (age 67); and actors William H. Macy in 1950 (age 56) and Dana Delany in 1956 (age 50).


On this date in history:

In 1781, the planet Uranus was discovered by British astronomer William Herschel.

In 1868, the Republican-dominated U.S. Senate began impeachment proceedings against President Andrew Johnson, a Democrat and successor to Abraham Lincoln, climaxing a political feud following the Civil War. He was acquitted by one vote.

In 1881, Czar Alexander II, the ruler of Russia since 1855, was killed in the streets of St. Petersburg by a bomb thrown by a member of the revolutionary "People's Will" group.

In 1887, Chester Greenwood of Maine received a patent for earmuffs.

In 1933, in the depths of the Great Depression, banks throughout the United States began to re-open after a weeklong bank holiday declared by President Franklin Roosevelt in a successful effort to stop runs on bank assets.

In 1943, a plot by disillusioned German officers to kill Adolf Hitler by blowing up his plane failed.

In 1974, the oil-producing Arab countries agreed to lift their 5-month embargo on petroleum sales to the United States. The embargo, during which gasoline prices soared 300 percent, was in retaliation for U.S. support of Israel during the October 1973 Middle East War.


In 1989, the Food and Drug Administration quarantined all fruit imported from Chile after traces of cyanide were found in two Chilean grapes.

In 1990, the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies formally ended the Communist Party's monopoly rule, establishing a presidential system and giving Mikhail Gorbachev broad new powers.

Also in 1990, President George H.W. Bush lifted a 5-year-old trade embargo against Nicaragua.

In 1992, more than 400 people were killed when a powerful earthquake hit northeastern Turkey.

In 1993, an "unprecedented" winter storm blasted the eastern part of the nation from Dixie north to Canada -- crippling travel, causing power failures, floods and tornadoes and killing dozens of people.

In 1994, the president of the independent black homeland of Bophuthatswana was deposed after repeatedly changing his mind about allowing his nation to participate in the upcoming South African elections. South Africa consequently took direct control of the area.

In 1996, a gun collector opened fire on a kindergarten class in Dunblane, Scotland, killing 16 children, their teacher and then himself.

Also in 1996, Liggett, the fifth-biggest tobacco company, broke ranks with its rivals and settled a class-action cancer lawsuit.

And in 1996, world leaders -- including U.S. President Bill Clinton, Russia's Boris Yeltsin, King Hussein of Jordan and Palestinian President Yasser Arafat -- met in Cairo, Egypt, to reaffirm the Middle East peace process.


In 1997, a Jordanian soldier killed seven Israeli schoolgirls at the Israeli-Jordanian border.

In 1998, Sgt. Maj. Gene McKinney, the first black ever to serve as sergeant major of the U.S. Army, was acquitted by a military jury of sex charges filed against him. He was, however, convicted of coaching a witness and was reduced one rank and reprimanded.

In 2000, the Tribune Co. and the Times Mirror Co., media giants featuring two of the nation's oldest and largest newspapers (Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times), announced they would merge.

In 2001, the United States banned all imports of animals or animal products from all 15 EU countries to prevent the spread of "foot-and-mouth" disease.

In 2003, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein refused to talk with Arab foreign ministers about avoiding war with the United States.

In 2004, Iran called an indefinite halt to inspections of its nuclear facilities.

Also in 2004, the California Supreme Court ordered an end to same-sex weddings in San Francisco.

In 2005, Pope John Paul II was released from a Rome hospital where he was undergoing treatment for the flu and respiratory problems.

Also in 2005, the Pentagon was reported questioning some $108.4 million in expenditures Halliburton Co. charged the U.S. government for fuel delivery in Iraq.


A thought for the day: William Casey was quoted as saying, "I pass the test that says a man who isn't a socialist at 20 has no heart, and a man who is a socialist at 40 has no head."

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