The Almanac

By United Press International
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This is Monday, Dec. 19, the 353rd day of 2005 with 12 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mercury, Jupiter, Pluto and Saturn. The evening stars are Venus, Mars, Uranus and Neptune.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Sagittarius. They include women's suffrage leader Mary Livermore in 1820; novelist Eleanor Porter ("Pollyanna") in 1868; trombonist/singer Jack Teagarden in 1895; actor Ralph Richardson in 1902; Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev in 1906; French dramatist Jean Genet, a pioneer in the theater of the absurd, in 1910; singer Edith Piaf in 1915; and actors Cicely Tyson in 1933 (age 72), Tim Reid in 1944 (age 61), Robert Urich in 1946, Jennifer Beals in 1963 (age 42) and Alyssa Milano in 1972 (age 33).

On this date in history:

In 1777, Gen. George Washington and the Continental Army began a winter encampment at Valley Forge, Pa.


In 1958, the U.S. satellite Atlas transmitted the first radio voice broadcast from space, a 58-word recorded Christmas greeting from President Eisenhower.

In 1972, the splashdown of Apollo XVII ended the United States' manned moon exploration program.

In 1984, the United States formally withdrew from UNESCO in a effort to force reform of the U.N. cultural organization's budget and alleged Third World bias.

Also in 1984, the prime ministers of Britain and China signed an accord, returning Hong Kong to China in 1997.

In 1986, Attorney General Edwin Meese said President Reagan did not know that money Iran paid for U.S. arms was going to Nicaraguan rebels.

In 1990, a judge in Oshkosh, Wis., dismissed the case against a man convicted of sex assault against a woman with at least 46 personalities.

In 1991, the Bank of Credit and Commerce International agreed to plead guilty to federal racketeering charges, forfeiting $550 million.

In 1998, President Clinton became only the second U.S. president to be impeached when the House of Representatives approved two articles of impeachment, charging him with perjury and obstruction of justice. The allegations stemmed from the actions he took to conceal his relationship with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky. He eventually was acquitted.


Also in 1998, House Speaker-designate Bob Livingston, R-La, abruptly withdrew from that post and announced he would be leaving Congress. Two days earlier, Livingston admitted having extra-marital affairs "on occasion."

In 2002, Secretary of State Colin Powell warned Iraq it was risking war by lying and refusing to cooperate on the issue of weapons of mass destruction.

Also in 2002, South Korea elected Roh Moo Hyun as its president.

In 2003, Libya announced it would abandon efforts to develop nuclear, biological and chemical weapons.

In 2004, at least 60 people were killed in Iraq by car bombings in the Shiite Muslim holy cities of Karbala and Najaf.

Also in 2004, Time magazine named President Bush its 2004 Person of the Year.

A thought for the day: George Bernard Shaw said, "There are no secrets better kept than the secrets that everybody guesses."

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