The Almanac

By United Press International  |  Oct. 14, 2005 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Friday, Oct. 14, the 287th day of 2005 with 78 to follow.

The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Mars and Saturn. The evening stars are Mercury, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune, Venus and Pluto.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include William Penn, the English Quaker who founded Pennsylvania, in 1644; Irish political leader Eamon de Valera in 1882; Dwight D. Eisenhower, World War II military leader and 34th president of the United States, in 1890; poet e.e. cummings in 1894; actress Lillian Gish in 1896; singer Allan Jones in 1908; former basketball Coach John Wooden in 1910 (age 95); former U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop in 1916 (age 89); actor Roger Moore in 1927 (age 78); Watergate figure John Dean in 1938 (age 67); designer Ralph Lauren in 1939 (age 66); British pop singer Cliff Richard in 1940 (age 65); and actors Harry Anderson in 1952 (age 53) and Greg Evigan in 1953 (age 52).

On this date in history:

In 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, better known as William the Conqueror, led his invading army to victory over England's King Harold at Hastings.

In 1912, former President Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for a return to office, was shot in Milwaukee. He refused to have the wound treated until he finished his speech.

In 1944, British and Greek troops liberated Athens, ending three years of World War II occupation by German troops.

In 1947, Air Force Capt. Chuck Yeager, 24, flying a Bell X-1, became the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound.

In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 1973, Bing Crosby, one of the most popular singers of his day and winner of the best actor Academy Award for his role in "Going My Way," died of a heart attack while playing golf in Madrid. He was 74.

In 1992, the Toronto Blue Jays beat the Oakland A's, four games to two, to win the American League pennant and become first Canadian team to go to the World Series.

In 1993, gunmen shot and killed Haitian Justice Minister Guy Malary, who'd been appointed by President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, in an apparent attempt to scuttle the agreement to return Aristide to power.

In 1994, the kidnapping of an Israeli soldier by Palestinian extremists ended with the soldier and four others being killed in a shootout. The same day, the Nobel peace prize was awarded to Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat.

In 1996, the Dow cracked 6,000, closing at a record 6,010.

In 2000, Israeli and Palestinian leaders agreed to meet with President Clinton in Egypt to seek a truce and possibly a way back to the peace table.

In 2003, Washington-area sniper suspect John Allen Muhammad pleaded innocent in a Virginia Beach, Va., courtroom, kicking off the first trial in the case that terrorized Washington for weeks.

In 2004, President George W. Bush and Sen. John Kerry, his challenger, ended their third and final presidential debate in a virtual dead heat, according to a television poll taken right after the session. Forty-two percent called Kerry the winner, 41 percent said Bush won and 14 percent called it a tie.

Also in 2004, Saudi Arabians viewed the United States as responsible for the rise in terror in their country, The New York Times reported.

A thought for the day: American author Margaret Sangster said, "Creative genius is a divinely bestowed gift which is the coronation of the few."

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