The Almanac

By United Press International   |   June 1, 2005 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Wednesday, June 1, the 152nd day of 2005 with 212 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus, Mercury and Pluto. The evening stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Jacques Marquette, Jesuit priest and French explorer of the Mississippi, in 1637; Mormon leader Brigham Young in 1801; bandleader Nelson Riddle in 1921; actress Marilyn Monroe in 1926; actors Andy Griffith in 1926 (age 79), Pat Corley ("Murphy Brown") and Edward Woodward , both in 1930 (age 75); crooner Pat Boone in 1934 (age 71); actor Morgan Freeman in 1937 (age 68); actor/comedian Cleavon Little in 1939; actor Rene Auberjonois in 1940 (age 65); actor Jonathan Pryce and rock musician Ron Wood of The Rolling Stones, both in 1947 (age 58); actress Lisa Hartman Black in 1956 (age 49); comedian/actor Mark Curry in 1964 (age 41); and singer Alanis Morissette in 1974 (age 31),

On this date in history:

In 1812, President James Madison warned Congress that war with Britain was imminent. The War of 1812 started 17 days later.

In 1880, the first public pay telephone began operation in New Haven, Conn.

In 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court banned prayers and Bible teaching in public schools on the constitutional grounds of separation of church and state.

In 1968, Helen Keller, who became a world-renowned author and lecturer despite being blind and deaf from infancy, died in Westport, Conn., at the age of 87.

In 1973, Greek Prime Minister George Papadopoulos abolished the Greek monarchy and proclaimed Greece a republic with himself as president.

In 1980, the Cable News Network (CNN), TV's first all-news service, went on the air.

In 1990, President Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to sharp cuts in chemical and nuclear weapons, and signed a trade pact despite U.S. concern over the Lithuanian crisis.

Also in 1990, the South African government proposed a bill to scrap the 37-year-old law segregating buses, trains, toilets, libraries, swimming pools and other public amenities.

In 1991, Secretary of State James Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Aleksandr Bessmertnykh resolved their differences over a conventional weapons reduction treaty.

In 1992, a long-time friend of actor Bob Crane, who was questioned when the star of "Hogan's Heroes" was bludgeoned to death in 1978, was arrested and charged with murder in the 14-year-old case. He was later acquitted.

In 1993, the Guatemalan military, acting in response to appeals from the judiciary and the public, ousted President Jorge Serrano Elias from office.

Also in 1993, President Dobrica Cosic of Yugoslavia was voted out of office by the Parliament.

In 1997, French parliamentary elections brought parties of the left into power for the first time since 1986.

In 2000, a federal appeals court upheld the right of U.S. immigration officials to let Elian Gonzalez's father take the 6-year-old boy back to Cuba.

In 2003, with hostilities continuing in Iraq, coalition leaders decided against creating a large national assembly soon but rather devised a plan for an advisory council of 25 to 30 Iraqis instead.

Also in 2003, presidents and prime ministers of the world's eight leading industrial nations opened their annual summit meeting in Evian, France with war and terrorism high on the agenda.

In 2004, oil prices jumped to $42.33 a barrel, highest ever reported at that time, before falling back.

Also in 2004, the Iraq Governing Council chose Ghazi al-Yawer to be the country's president as shells killed 15 near Baghdad's "Green Zone," home of the U.S. Army command and coalition authority.

A thought for the day: Jean de la Fontaine wrote, "Everyone believes very easily whatever he fears or desires."

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