The Almanac

United Press International

Today is Sunday, Feb. 13, the 44th day of 2005 with 321 to follow.

The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Mercury, Mars, Venus, Neptune, Jupiter and Pluto. The evening stars are Uranus and Saturn.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Aquarius. They include former First Lady Bess Truman, wife of President Truman, in 1885; artist Grant Wood in 1892; entertainer "Tennessee" Ernie Ford in 1919; famed test pilot Chuck Yaeger in 1923 (age 82); actors Kim Novak in 1933 (age 72), George Segal in 1934 (age 71), Oliver Reed in 1938, Carol Lynley in 1942 (age 63) and Stockard Channing in 1944 (age 61); talk show host Jerry Springer, also in 1944 (age 61); musicians Peter Tork of the Monkees in 1944 (age 61) and Peter Gabriel of Genesis in 1950 (age 55); and singer/actor James Naughton in 1951 (age 54).


On this date in history:

In 1635, the oldest public institution in America, the Boston Latin School, was founded.

In 1861, the first Medal of Honor went to Col. Bernard Irwin, an assistant Army surgeon serving in the first major U.S.-Apache conflict.

In 1945, Allied firebombing of the German city of Dresden caused a firestorm that destroyed the city and killed as many as 135,000 people.

Also in 1945, Soviet forces captured Budapest, Hungary. The 49-day battle killed more than 50,000 German troops.

In 1974, the Soviet Union expelled dissident writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn.

In 1984, Konstantin Chernenko succeeded the late Yuri Andropov as Soviet leader. Chernenko would die 13 months later and be succeeded by Mikhail Gorbachev.

In 1990, the two Germanys and the Big Four powers agreed to pursue German unity.

In 1991, Iraq claimed hundreds of civilians were killed when U.S. bombs hit a building in Baghdad; the United States said the building was a heavily fortified military command center.

Also in 1991, 36 people were killed when an Ash Wednesday mass at a Mexican church turned violent.

In 1993, three men were killed and another wounded in a shooting at Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach, Fla.


In 1998, Cuba began releasing 299 political prisoners following an appeal by Pope John Paul II.

Also in 1998, Nigerian troops overthrew the military junta that had ruled Sierra Leon since ousting the democratically elected government in May 1997.

In 2002, Pakistani police said the prime suspect in the abduction and murder of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl had been arrested.

In 2003, the Bolivian capital of La Paz was plunged into chaos by protests that got out of hand. Fourteen people were killed.

In 2004, a growing number of U.S. citizens believe the Bush administration either lied or exaggerated Iraq's weapon potential as a justification for war, according to a new Washington Post/ABC poll. The survey says only 52 percent now believe President Bush is "honest and trustworthy."

Also in 2004, a U.S. Army National Guardsman was arrested in Washington state for attempting to pass intelligence to the al-Qaida terrorist network.

A thought for the day: it was Oscar Wilde who said, "Some cause happiness wherever they go; others whenever they go."

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