The Almanac

By United Press International  |  June 13, 2003 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Friday, June 13, the 164th day of 2003 with 201 to follow.

The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Mercury, Venus, Mars, Uranus and Neptune. The evening stars are Jupiter, Saturn and Pluto.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include U.S. Army Gen. Winfield Scott in 1786; Irish poet and dramatist William Butler Yeats in 1865; actor Basil Rathbone in 1892; Mexican composer Carlos Chavez in 1899; football player Harold "Red" Grange in 1903; TV host Ralph Edwards in 1913 (age 90); Bulgarian-born artist Christo in 1935 (age 68); actors Malcolm McDowell in 1943 (age 60) and Richard Thomas in 1951 (age 52); comedian Tim Allen in 1953 (age 50); and actresses Ally Sheedy in 1962 (age 41) and twins Ashley and Mary-Kate Olsen in 1986 (age 17).

On this date in history:

In 323 B.C., Alexander the Great died of fever in Babylon at age 33.

In 1944, the first German V-1 "buzz bomb" hit London.

In 1966, in Miranda vs. Arizona, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that police must read all arrested persons their constitutional rights before questioning them.

In 1967, Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American on the U.S. Supreme Court. President Lyndon Johnson had chosen him to succeed the retiring Tom Clark.

In 1976, Arizona Republic investigative reporter Don Bolles died as a result of injuries suffered when a bomb blew up his car 11 days earlier. He had been working on an alleged Mafia story at the time of his death.

In 1977, James Earl Ray, convicted assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., was captured in a Tennessee wilderness area after escaping from prison.

In 1983, the robot spacecraft Pioneer-10 became the first man-made object to leave the solar system. It did so 11 years after it was launched.

In 1991, revising a policy with roots to the McCarthy era, the Bush administration agreed to remove almost all 250,000 names on a secret list of unacceptable aliens.

In 1992, the U.N. Earth Summit ended in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

In 1993, 20 Somalis were killed and 50 more wounded when Pakistani members of the U.N. peacekeeping forces fired into a crowd of demonstrators protesting U.N. attacks on warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid.

Also in 1993, Canada got its first woman prime minister when the Progressive Conservative Party elected Kim Campbell to head the party, and thus the country.

In 1994, the ex-wife of O.J. Simpson and her friend, Ron Goldman, were found stabbed to death outside her condominium in the Brentwood section of Los Angeles.

In 1996, members of the Freemen militia surrendered, 10 days after the FBI cut off electricity to their Montana compound. The standoff lasted 81 days.

In 1997, jurors unanimously recommended convicted Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh be sentenced to death.

Also in 1997, the Chicago Bulls won their fifth National Basketball Association title in seven years when they downed the Utah Jazz, four games to two.

In 2002, Roman Catholic Church bishops and cardinals, meeting to discuss abuse charges against some priests, heard three men and a woman tell how their lives had been devastated by abuse and subsequent ill treatment by the church.

A thought for the day: Francis Bacon wrote, "It is as natural to die as to be born; and to a little infant, perhaps, the one is as painful as the other."

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