The Almanac

By United Press International

Today is Sunday, June 8, the 159th day of 2003 with 206 to follow.

The moon is waxing.


Morning stars are Mercury, Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include German composer Robert Schumann in 1810; architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1869; British geneticist Francis Crick, who helped determine the "double helix" structure of DNA, in 1916 (age 87); actor Robert Preston in 1918; former first lady Barbara Bush in 1925 (age 78); actor Jerry Stiller in 1929 (age 74); comedian Joan Rivers in 1933 (age 70); actor/singer James Darren and baseball great Lou Brock, both in 1936 (age 67); singer Nancy Sinatra in 1940 (age 63); singer/songwriter Boz Scaggs in 1944 (age 57); actress Kathy Baker in 1950 (age 53); actor Griffin Dunne in 1955 (age 48); "Dilbert" cartoonist Scott Adams in 1957 (age 46); comedian Keenan Ivory Wayans in 1958 (age 45); and actress Juliana Margulies in 1966 (age 37).


On this date in history:

In 1789, James Madison first proposed the Bill of Rights, which led to the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

In 1861, Tennessee seceded from the Union to join the Confederacy.

In 1869, Ives McGaffney of Chicago obtained a patent for a "sweeping machine," the first vacuum cleaner.

In 1967, the USS Liberty, a intelligence ship sailing in international waters off Egypt, was attacked by Israeli jet planes and torpedo boats. 34 Americans were killed in the attack, which Israel claimed was a case of mistaken identity.

In 1968, James Earl Ray, an escaped convict, was arrested in London and charged with the assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.

In 1985, the United Nations said worsening famine in 19 African nations would claim tens of millions of lives despite massive international aid.

In 1987, Fawn Hall, former secretary to Iran-Contra scandal figure Oliver North, told congressional hearings that to protect her boss, she helped him alter and shred sensitive documents and smuggle papers out of the White House.

In 1990, Israel's nearly three-month-old government crisis ended when Yitzhak Shamir and his Likud party won support of six right-wing and religious parties to form one of the most right-wing governing coalitions in Israeli history.


Also in 1990, an explosion started a fire aboard the Norwegian tanker Mega Borg, 57 miles off Galveston, Texas. The blaze burned for days as part of tanker's load of 38 million gallons leaked into the Gulf of Mexico.

In 1991, a $12 million parade for the Persian Gulf War veterans, including 8,000 troops and military jets flying overhead, was held in Washington, D.C.

In 1992, PLO's chief of European security was shot dead in a Paris street less than two years after his former chief was gunned down in Tunisia.

Also in 1992, the U.N. Security Council authorized deployment of an infantry battalion to take over the airport in Sarajevo, Bosnia and open it to humanitarian aid flights.

In 1993, Republican businessman Richard Riordan defeated Democrat Michael Woo to become the first GOP mayor of Los Angeles since 1961.

In 1994, President Clinton received an honorary degree from Britain's Oxford University, which he had attended as a Rhodes scholar.

Also in 1994, two of the major warring factions in Bosnia, the Muslim-Croat federation and the Bosnian Serbs, signed a cease-fire agreement. The truce went into effect June 10.

In 1995, U.S. Marines rescued downed American pilot Scott O'Grady in Bosnia.


Also in 1995, California Gov. Pete Wilson entered the presidential race as a Republican candidate.

In 1998, European Union foreign ministers urged NATO and the United Nations to consider military action against the Yugoslav Serbs in their crackdown on the rebellious province of Kosovo.

In 1999, the case of five New York City police officers accused in the 1997 torturing of a Haitian immigrant ended with the conviction of one of the officers. A second officer had pleaded guilty; three others were acquitted.

A thought for the day: Whitney Griswold said, "Books won't stay banned. They won't burn. Ideas won't go to jail. ... The only sure weapon against bad ideas is better ideas."

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