The Almanac

By United Press International  |  June 2, 2003 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Monday, June 2, the 153rd day of 2003 with 212 to follow.

The moon is waxing.

Morning stars are Mercury, Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include the first First Lady, Martha Washington, in 1732; French writer Marquis de Sade in 1740; English novelist Thomas Hardy in 1840; English composer Sir Edward Elgar ("Pomp and Circumstance") in 1857; Hollywood columnist Hedda Hopper in 1890; Olympic swimmer and "Tarzan" movie star Johnny Weissmuller in 1904; actor-composer Max Showalter in 1917; astronaut Charles Conrad of Apollo XII in 1930 (age 73); actress Sally Kellerman in 1937 (age 66); drummer Charlie Watts of The Rolling Stones in 1941 (age 62); actors Stacy Keach in 1941 (age 62) and Charles Haid in 1943 (age 60); composer Marvin Hamlisch in 1944 (age 59); actor Jerry Mathers ("Leave It to Beaver") in 1948 (age 55); actress Diana Canova ("Soap") in 1953 (age 50); and comedian Dana Carvey in 1955 (age 48).

On this date in history:

In 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee took command of the Confederate armies of eastern Virginia and North Carolina in the Civil War.

Three years later, on this date in 1965, the Civil War came to an end when Confederate Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signed the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators.

In 1886, President Grover Cleveland, 49, married Frances Folsom, the 21-year-old daughter of his former law partner, in a White House ceremony. The bride became the youngest first lady in U.S. history.

In 1924, Congress granted U.S. citizenship to all American Indians.

In 1946, in a national referendum, voters in Italy decided the country should become a republic rather than return to a monarchy.

In 1953, Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in London's Westminster Abbey by the Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1979, Pope John Paul II returned home to Poland in the first visit by a pope to a communist nation.

In 1991, Israeli Foreign Minister David Levy and Jordan's King Hussein agreed to meet "face-to-face" in Jordan. The meeting was proposed by the monarch.

In 1992, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton clinched the Democratic presidential nomination as six states held the final primaries of the 1992 political season.

In 1994, President Clinton met with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.

In 1995, a U.S. F-16 fighter-jet was shot down by a Serb-launched missile while on patrol over Bosnia. The pilot, Air Force Capt. Scott O'Grady, ejected safely and landed behind Serb lines. He was rescued six days later.

Also in 1995, Bosnian Serbs began releasing the 370 U.N. peacekeepers they'd been holding hostage.

In 1997, a federal jury in Denver convicted Timothy McVeigh in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people. He would later be sentenced to death and executed.

In 1998, former White House intern Monica Lewinsky fired her lawyer, William Ginsburg, and retained two criminal lawyers. They would win her a grant of immunity from prosecution in return for her testimony before the grand jury investigating President Clinton's alleged relationship with her.

In 1999, in parliamentary elections, South African voters kept the African National Congress in power, assuring that its leader, Thabo Mbeki, would succeed the retiring Nelson Mandela as president.

A thought for the day: Charles Eliot declared that, "Books are the quietest and most constant of friends; they are the most accessible and wisest of counselors, and the most patient of teachers."

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