The Almanac

By United Press International  |  Nov. 10, 2002 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Sunday, Nov. 10, the 314th day of 2002 with 51 to follow.

The moon is waxing.

The morning stars are Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

The evening stars are Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism, in 1483; William Hogarth, English artist and engraver, in 1697; Irish author Oliver Goldsmith in 1730; actors Richard Burton in 1925 and Roy Scheider in 1935 (age 67); American Indian rights activist Russell Means in 1940 (age 62); lyricist Tim Rice in 1944 (age 58); country singer Donna Fargo in 1949 (age 53); actresses Ann Reinking in 1950 (age 52) and Mackenzie Phillips in 1959 (age 43); filmmaker Roland Emmerich ("Independence Day") in 1955 (age 47); and comedian Sinbad in 1956 (age 46).

On this date in history:

In 1775, the United States Marine Corps was formed by order of the Continental Congress.

In 1871, journalist Henry Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in a small African village, and said, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

In 1917, 41 women from 15 states were arrested outside the White House for suffragette demonstrations. American women won the right to vote three years later.

In 1951, area codes were introduced in the United States, Canada and parts of the Caribbean. The mayor of Englewood,N.J., (area code 201) direct-dialed the mayor of Alameda, Calif. Prior to this, all long-distance calls were operator-assisted.

In 1969, the long-running children's show "Sesame Street" premiered on PBS.

In 1975, the ore freighter Edmund Fitzgerald broke in two and sank during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew members. It was the worst Great Lakes ship disaster of the decade.

In 1982, Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev died at age 75 after 18 years in power.

In 1983, Microsoft released its Windows computer operating system.

In 1989, Bulgaria's hard-line president Todor Zhivkov resigned as democratic reform continued to sweep the Eastern Bloc. Zhivkov was longest reigning active ruler in Eastern Europe and second longest in the world.

In 1991, Secretary of State Baker visited Japan, South Korea and China. His trip to Beijing marked the first high-level official contact between the United States and China since the Tiananmen Square massacre.

In 1992, Guns N' Roses lead singer Axl Rose was sentenced to two years probation on charges stemming from a 1991 concert riot in suburban St. Louis.

In 1994, Washington announced it would no longer police the arms embargo on the Muslim-led government of Bosnia.

Also in 1994, the only privately owned manuscript of Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci was sold at auction at Christie's in New York for $30.8 million, the highest amount ever paid for a manuscript.

In 1996, a bomb at a Moscow cemetery killed 11 and injured a dozen.

In 1997, a judge in Cambridge, Mass., changed the second-degree murder conviction of British nanny Louise Woodward in the death of her eight-month-old charge to involuntary manslaughter and sentenced her to prison time already served.

In 2001, Taliban officials confirmed that the Northern Alliance had captured the Afghan city of Mazar-i-Sharif, while President George W. Bush told the United Nations General Assembly that the time had come for countries to take swift and decisive action against global terrorism.

A thought for the day: Irish author Oliver Goldsmith said, "A book may be amusing with numerous errors, or it may be very dull without a single absurdity."

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