The almanac

By United Press International

Today is Tuesday, June 18, the 169th day of 2002 with 196 to follow.

The moon is in its first quarter.


The morning stars are Mercury, Uranus and Neptune.

The evening stars are Venus, Jupiter and Mars.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Cyrus Curtis, founder and publisher of the Ladies' Home Journal, in 1850; journalist and publisher Edward Scripps in 1854; legendary Tin Pan Alley composer Sammy Cain and financial journalist Sylvia Porter, both in 1913; singer/composer Paul McCartney and film critic Roger Ebert, both in 1942 (age 60); and actresses Carol Kane and Isabella Rossellini, both in 1952 (age 50).

On this date in history:

In 1812, the United States declared war on Britain.

In 1815, England's Duke of Wellington and Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard von Blucher defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in Belgium.

In 1975, Saudi Arabian Prince Museid was publicly beheaded in Riyadh for the assassination of King Faisal.

In 1979, President Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev signed a strategic arms control treaty in Vienna, Austria.


In 1983, the space shuttle Challenger was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., and Sally Ride became the first American woman in space.

In 1990, James Edward Pough, 42, whose car had been repossessed, entered a General Motors Acceptance Corp. loan office in Jacksonville, Fla., and killed eight people and wounded five more before committing suicide. He was believed to have killed two people and wounded two others a day earlier.

In 1992, Oscar-winning singer/songwriter Peter Allen died of complications of AIDS at age 48.

In 1993, eight U.S. military officers arrived in the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia to help plan the deployment of a U.N. force that would seek to prevent the Bosnia conflict from spreading.

In 1994, the Gay Games, an Olympic-style competition, opened in New York.

In 1996, the Senate issued its Whitewater reports. The Republican report accused first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton of obstruction of justice.

Also in 1996, UNAbomber suspect Theodore Kaczynski was charged with two murders in California; he pleaded innocent. The New Jersey charges would come later.

In 1997, Turkish Premier Necmettin Erbakan resigned under pressure after his governing coalition lost its majority in Parliament.


In 2000, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a cease-fire, ending their monthlong war.

A thought for the day: Jose Ortega defined civilization as "the attempt to reduce force to being the last resort."

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