The Almanac

By United Press International  |  May 23, 2002 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Thursday, May 23, the 143rd day of 2002 with 222 to follow.

The moon is waxing, moving toward its full phase.

There are no morning stars.

The evening stars are Venus, Jupiter, Mars and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus, the father of modern systematic botany, in 1707; Austrian physician and hypnotist Franz Mesmer in 1734; social reformer Margaret Fuller in 1810; Gen. Ambrose Burnside, who later was a U.S. senator and for whom sideburns were named, in 1824; actor Douglas Fairbanks Sr. in 1883; bandleader Artie Shaw in 1910 (age 92); singer Rosemary Clooney in 1928 (age 74); actresses Barbara Barrie in 1931 (age 71) and Joan Collins in 1933 (age 69); Robert Moog, inventor of the Moog Synthesizer, in 1934 (age 68); actor Charles Kimbrough ("Murphy Brown") in 1936 (age 66); and comedian Drew Carey in 1961 (age 41).

On this date in history:

In 1701, Capt. William Kidd was hanged in London for piracy and murder.

In 1900, Sgt. William H. Carney became the first black to win the Congressional Medal of Honor, for his efforts during the Battle of Fort Wagner, S.C., in June 1863.

In 1939, the U.S. Navy submarine "Squalus" went down off New Hampshire in 240 feet of water. 33 of the 59 men aboard were saved in a daring rescue with a diving bell.

In 1960, Israeli agents captured Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in Argentina and spirited him back to Israel, where he was tried, convicted and hanged.

In 1988, Maryland Gov. Donald Schaefer signed the nation's first law banning the manufacture and sale of cheap handguns, known as "Saturday Night Specials."

In 1990, presidential son Neil Bush, testifying before the House Banking Committee, denied any wrongdoing in the failure of a Colorado thrift, where he was a director, that cost taxpayers about $1 billion.

In 1991, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld federal regulations prohibiting federally funded women's clinics from discussing or advising abortion with patients.

In 1993, a jury in Baton Rouge, La., acquitted a man who said he was defending his home against what he thought was an intruder when he shot and killed 16-year-old Japanese exchange student Yoshihiro Hattori.

In 1994, four men convicted in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center were each sentenced to 240 years in prison.

Also in 1994, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis was laid to rest next to her first husband, President John F. Kennedy, in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

In 1995, a man with an unloaded handgun climbed over a fence and ran toward the White House. He was tackled by one Secret Service agent and shot and wounded by a second.

Also in 1995, what was left of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, site of the previous month's bombing that killed 169 people, was razed.

In 1997, Mohammed Khatami, a "moderate" who favored improved economic ties with the West, was elected president of Iran.

A thought for the day: Lao-Tzu said, "A thousand-mile journey begins with a single step."

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