The Almanac

By United Press International  |  Nov. 12, 2001 at 4:45 AM
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Today is Monday, Nov. 12, the 316th day of 2001 with 49 to follow.

Veterans Day is observed today as a federal holiday.

The moon is waning, moving toward its new phase.

The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn.

The evening stars are Mercury and Mars.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include French physicist Jacques Charles in 1746; women's suffrage activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1815; Baha'u'llah (born Mirza Husayn Ali), founder-prophet of the Baha'i faith, in 1817; retired Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun in 1908; actress Kim Hunter in 1922 (age 78); Princess Grace of Monaco, the former American movie star Grace Kelly, in 1929; actress Stephanie Powers in 1943 (age 58); rock musician Neil Young in 1945 (age 56); actress Megan Mullally in 1958 (age 43); Olympic gymnast Nadia Comaneci in 1961 (age 40); actor David Schwimmer ("Friends") in 1966 (age 35); baseball player Sammy Sosa in 1968 (age 33); and figure skater Tonya Harding in 1970 (age 31).

On this date in history:

In 1892, the first professional football game was played in Pittsburgh, between the Allegheny Athletic Association and the Pittsburgh Athletic Club.

In 1941, the German army's drive to take Moscow was halted on the city's outskirts in World War II.

In 1948, a war crimes tribunal in Japan sentenced former premier Hideki Tojo and six other World War II Japanese leaders to die by hanging.

In 1980, the Voyager-1 spacecraft passed Saturn.

In 1981, the shuttle Columbia became the first spacecraft ever launched twice from Earth.

In 1982, former KGB chief Yuri Andropov succeeded the late Leonid Brezhnev as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.

Also in 1982, Polish authorities freed Solidarity founder Lech Walesa after 11 months of internment.

In 1990, Akihito was crowned the 125th emperor of Japan.

In 1991, about 50 people were killed when Indonesian troops opened fire on protesters in the province of East Timor.

In 1992, Volker Keith Meinhold became the first openly gay person on active duty in the American military when, armed with a court order, he reported to work at Moffett Naval Air Station in Mountain View, Calif., for reinstatement as a chief petty officer.

In 1993, pop star Michael Jackson, hounded by allegations that he had molested a teenage boy, canceled the rest of his worldwide "Dangerous" tour, citing an addiction to painkillers.

In 1996, Cardinal Joseph Bernardin of Chicago, two days before his death, joined a friend-of-court brief petitioning the U.S. Supreme Court to reject assisted suicide.

In 1997, two defendants, Ramzi Ahmed and Eyad Ismoil, were convicted of involvement in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center in New York. Four other men had been convicted in 1994.

A thought for the day: women's suffrage activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton said, "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal."

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