The Almanac

United Press International

Today is Wednesday, Nov. 7, the 311th day of 2001 with 54 to follow.

The moon is waning, moving toward its last quarter.


The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn.

The evening stars are Mercury and Mars.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Marie Curie, discoverer of radium, in 1867; Nazi S.S. leader Heinrich Himmler in 1900; actor Dean Jagger in 1903; French novelist Albert Camus in 1913; evangelist Billy Graham in 1918 (age 83); jazz trumpeter Al Hirt in 1922; Australian opera star Joan Sutherland in 1926 (age 75); singers Mary Travers (Peter, Paul and Mary) in 1937 (age 64), Johnny Rivers in 1942 (age 59), and Joni Mitchell in 1943 (age 58); and actress Dana Plano ("Diff'rent Strokes") in 1964.

On this date in history:

In 1805, the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at the Pacific Ocean.

In 1874, the first cartoon depicting the elephant as the symbol of the Republican Party was printed in Harper's Weekly.

In 1916, Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.


In 1917, the Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian government in St. Petersburg.

In 1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt was re-elected to a fourth term.

In 1972, Richard Nixon was re-elected to a second term as president, defeating Democrat George McGovern.

In 1983, a bomb exploded in the U.S. Capitol, causing heavy damage just outside the Senate chamber but no injuries.

In 1985, Colombian troops ended a 27-hour siege of Bogota's Palace of Justice by 35 M-19 guerrillas. 11 Supreme Court judges were among the 100 people killed.

In 1987, U.S. Supreme Court nominee Judge Douglas Ginsburg withdrew his nine-day-old candidacy following criticism of his judicial ethics and his disclosure that he had used marijuana.

In 1989, Democrat David Dinkins was elected as the first black mayor of New York City. In Virginia, Democrat Douglas Wilder claimed victory in a razor-thin race to become the first black elected governor in America.

Also in 1989, "Night Stalker" Richard Ramirez was formally sentenced in Los Angeles to die in the gas chamber for 13 murders.

In 1991, basketball star Earvin "Magic" Johnson disclosed he was HIV-positive and announced he was retiring from the Los Angeles Lakers.

1995, three U.S. servicemen pleaded guilty in a courtroom on the Japanese island of Okinawa to conspiring to abduct and rape a 12-year-old girl.


In 1996, Secretary of State Warren Christopher announced his resignation, starting President Clinton's process of assembling a second-term cabinet.

In 1997, the jobless rate dropped to 4.7 percent in October, the lowest since October 1973.

A thought for the day: French novelist Albert Camus wrote, "The struggle to reach the top is itself enough to fulfill the heart of man."

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