Two DENT Neurologic Institute patients are the first to receive first new drug in more than 20 years to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Photo by DarkoStojanovic/PixaBay
Aug. 11 (UPI) -- Two patients at the DENT Neurologic Institute near Buffalo, N.Y., will be the first in the nation to receive the newest drug to treat ALS in more than 20 years.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is a progressive degenerative disease that attacks and kills nerve cells that control voluntary muscle movement leading to complete paralysis.
In May, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the drug Radicava, or edaravone, to treat patients with ALS.
ALS is fatal, with most patients dying three to five years after the first symptoms appear, often from respiratory failure.
Radicava, the first new drug for ALS treatment to be introduced in more than 20 years, is designed to help control excessive oxidative stress in the body, which occurs at a higher rate in ALS patients. In Phase 3 clinical trials it was found to slow the progression of ALS by 33 percent.
The FDA approved the drug based on results from a Phase 3 clinical trial in Japan. ALS patients were reported to experience significantly lower rates of decline in physical function after taking the drug.
DENT has one of the largest ALS treatment centers in the United States, and the pharmaceutical company that manufactures Radicava, MT Pharma America, Inc., worked with doctors to bring the drug to their patients. The DENT Neurologic Institute's Infusion Center will administer the drug to the two ALS patients.
Radicava is administered by a healthcare provider via intravenous infusion with the initial treatment cycle of daily dosing for 14 days, followed by a 14-day drug-free period. Subsequent treatment cycles consist of dosing on 10 of 14 days, followed by 14 days drug-free.
"When it comes to treatment, we have had very little to offer," Dr. Thomas Holmlund, of DENT, told WGRZ-TV. "So this was a relief to say we have this drug. We don't know how well it works, we know it does something, but we don't how much. So to tell [our patients] this... it was wonderful."
The CDC estimates approximately 12,000 to 15,000 Americans have ALS.