Although part of the reason most doctors go to work despite being sick is out of concern for patients, a combination of staffing concerns and culture that frowns on sick time as "slacking" forces doctors to put patients at risk when they are not healthy. Photo: Photographee.eu/Shutterstock
PHILADELPHIA, July 6 (UPI) -- Even though nearly every medical practitioner in a recent survey acknowledging the potential risk for patients, more than three-quarters of all respondents said they have worked while they were sick.
The physicians cited concerns ranging from continuity of care and letting patients down to staffing concerns and fears of professional ostracism for continuing to work while aware that they really shouldn't be. In addition to primary care physicians, doctors and surgeons, the survey included advanced practice clinicians such as certified registered nurse practitioners, physician assistants, clinical nurse specialists, certified registered nurse anesthetists and certified nurse midwives.
"The study illustrates the complex social and logistic factors that cause this behavior," the study's authors write. "These results may inform efforts to design systems at our hospital to provide support for attending physicians and APCs and help them make the right choice to keep their patients and colleagues safe while caring for themselves."
Researchers at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia reviewed survey responses from 480 attending physicians and 256 APCs, finding that 95 percent believed that working while sick put patients at risk but 83 percent nonetheless had worked at least once in the previous year while sick. Just over nine percent of the respondents claimed to have work at least 5 times in the previous year while sick.
There were generally two types of reasons given for why physicians and APCs worked while sick: concern for patient care or concern for their professional responsibilities, be it supporting their coworkers or meeting business-related obligations.
While 92 percent of of those who responded were concerned about letting patients down and 63 percent were explicitly concerned about continuity of care, the survey found that in hospitals "working while sick was regarded as a badge of courage, and ill physicians who stayed home were regarded as slackers," according to an editorial published with the study.
The survey showed that 98 percent of physicians were concerned about letting their coworkers down, 94 percent were concerned about staffing and 64 percent were concerned about finding coverage for their patients if they called out sick. However the cultural norms of hospital life also were confirmed as 64 percent were concerned about ostracism by colleagues, 61 percent referred to the expectation that they come to work whether or not they're healthy, and 57 percent were wholly unsure what constituted being "too sick to work."
"Creating a safer and more equitable system of sick leave for health care workers requires a culture change in many institutions to decrease the stigma - internal and external - associated with HCW illness," wrote Jeffrey R. Starke, M.D., of the Baylor College of Medicine and Mary Anne Jackson, M.D., of the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, in the editorial.
"Identifying solutions to prioritize patient safety must factor in workplace demands and variability in patient census, and emphasize flexibility."
The study is published by JAMA Pediatrics.