TALLAHASSEE, Fla., Jan. 12 (UPI) -- Florida researchers are trying to determine if dried plums can help reverse bone loss in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or osteoarthritis.
Previous studies conducted by Bahram H. Arjmandi of Florida State University found that dried plums -- better known as prunes -- restored lost bone in animal models of osteoporosis and improved biomarkers linked to bone formation in postmenopausal women.
"During this 12-month investigation, half the women will supplement their daily diets with nine to 10 dried plums, totaling 100 grams. The other half will consume a comparable portion of dried apples, which also have known health benefits.
Participants in both treatment groups will be required to take 500 milligrams of calcium and 200 units of vitamin D daily; undergo blood and urine testing every three months; and have their bone-mineral density measured at the beginning and end of the study using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, or "iDXA," the latest in whole-body scanning technology.
"If the findings of human study are similarly positive and reproducible, they could help researchers isolate the compounds responsible," said Arjmandi.