Actor and activist Danny Glover has been singled out to receive the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award.
The four luminaries are expected to collect their Oscar statuettes at the academy's 12th Governors Awards on Jan. 15 in Los Angeles.
"We are thrilled to present this year's Governors Awards to four honorees who have had a profound impact on both film and society," Academy President David Rubin said in a statement Thursday.
"Sam Jackson is a cultural icon whose dynamic work has resonated across genres and generations and audiences worldwide, while Elaine May's bold, uncompromising approach to filmmaking, as a writer, director and actress, reverberates as loudly as ever with movie lovers. Liv Ullmann's bravery and emotional transparency has gifted audiences with deeply affecting screen portrayals, and Danny Glover's decades-long advocacy for justice and human rights reflects his dedication to recognizing our shared humanity on and off the screen."