Google's homepage features artwork depicting the writer and three of his most celebrated novels, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (1831), Les Contemplations (1856) and Les Miserables (1862).
"Before he turned 30, Hugo was already an established poet, dramatist, artist and novelist," Google wrote. He became an activist who used Les Miserables to tackle themes such as "social injustice, redemption and revolution."
"By the time Les Miserables was published in 1862, Hugo had been exiled almost 10 years for his political views. During that time, he produced three poetry collections, plus numerous books about social and economic disparity, including Les Travailleurs de la Mer (Toilers of the Sea) and L'Homme Qui Rit (The Man Who Laughs). Hugo later founded the Association Litteraire et Artistique Internationale to support artists' rights," Google continued.
"Hugo appeared on a French banknote and is honored with streets, parks, hiking trails, and statues in most large French cities, as well as in Guernsey, where he lived in exile. Today's Doodle is a fitting addition to the long list of tributes to the venerable Victor Hugo."
Hugo died in 1885.