Lithuania starts testing infrastructure at an LNG port on the Baltic Sea that will serve as a reloading station. Photo courtesy of AB Klaipėdos nafta
Sept. 19 (UPI) -- A state-owned port operator in Lithuania said it started work on a reloading station for support for maritime needs for liquefied natural gas.
Klaipėdos nafta said it started work on an LNG reloading station after commissioning cargo delivered by a bunkering vessel owned by a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell.
Bunkering is the ship-to-ship transfer of fuel. With international regulations calling for fewer emissions in the transportation sector, LNG serves a unique niche for maritime transport.
Mindaugas Jusius, the managing director for the Lithuanian company, said the commissioning lets it test the entire LNG logistics chain at the Klaipėda seaport on the Baltic Sea, the northernmost port of its kind in Europe.
"Such testing of the process for the first time is highly important for both our service users and us," he said in a statement. "The success of the test will be a signal to the market that distribution of LNG in Klaipėda has been launched."
Several U.S. allies in the region rely heavily on Russia for natural gas, but are wary because companies like Gazprom control both the reserves themselves and the transit arteries that carry them.
Polish Oil & Gas, known by its acronym PGNiG, this year closed on a deal to accept LNG from Cheneire Energy, which owns a terminal in Louisiana that's the only one with the permits necessary for current exports of U.S. natural gas.
The United States could be the third-largest exporter of LNG in the world by the end of the decade. U.S. trade issues may be complicated by protectionist policies under President Donald Trump, though the country has been willing to advance on LNG issues bilaterally. An agreement this year with China, which doesn't have a U.S. free-trade deal, extended to LNG shipments.
Liquefied natural gas also offers more flexibility in terms of deliverability when compared with conventional natural gas, which is bound to transnational pipelines. Lithuania's government said the LNG station will be open to suppliers before the end of the year.
"By exploiting LNG infrastructure more widely and expanding its activities, the company is further creating added value for its clients, gas consumers and the main shareholder -- the state," Lithuanian Minister of Energy Žygimantas Vaičiūnas said Monday.