PRINCETON, N.J., Nov. 17 (UPI) -- Given a choice, U.S. adults taking a new job say they would prefer a male boss -- although 4-in-10 have no preference, a Gallup Poll found.
These attitudes have not changed much in recent years, but when Gallup first asked this question in 1953, 66 percent of Americans preferred a male boss, while 5 percent preferred working for a woman.
Gallup's annual Work and Education survey, conducted Aug. 7-11, asked all Americans polled regardless of their employment status or work history.
The 23 percent of U.S. adults who said they would opt to work for a woman was the highest in the history of Gallup's asking this question since 1953, although it is essentially the same as in several previous surveys. Thirty-five percent said they prefer a male boss.
The proportion of Americans who prefer a female boss increased by 18 percentage points over the past six decades, while there has been a 31-point decline in the percentage who would prefer a male boss.
Americans are also significantly more likely today than in 1953 to volunteer that they do not have a preference for a male or female boss.
Among those working, 54 percent said they currently work for a man, while 30 percent work for a woman and those who currently work for a woman are as likely to prefer having a female boss as a male one.
Those who currently work for a man prefer a male boss, by 35 percent to 17 percent.
Democrats essentially broke even in their preferences, while independents and Republicans preferred a male boss.
The telephone poll was conducted Aug. 7-11 with a random sample of 2,059 U.S. adults. The national poll has a margin of error of 3 percentage points; the survey of 1,039 adults employed full or part-time has a margin of error of 4 percentage points; the sample of 605 adults with a male boss has a margin of error is 4 percentage points and the sample of 340 adults with a female boss has a margin of error of 5 percentage points.