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List of coups d'etat in Thailand

BANGKOK -- Thailand has a history of frequent military takeovers in the 58 years since a military-civilian group overthrew the absolute monarchy.

Here is a list of the major attempted military coups d'etat from 1932 until the coup on Saturday.

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--June 24, 1932, by People's Party, successfully overthrowing the absolute monarcy.

--June 20, 1933, led by General Phraya Paholponpyuhasena, failed to overthrow the People's Party government.

--Oct. 11, 1933, 'Bovorndej Coup' led by H.R.H Bovorndej failed.

--Jan. 29, 1938, 'Phraya Songsuradej Coup' failed.

--Nov. 8, 1947, led by Lt. Gen. Pin Choonhavan (father of Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan) succeeded in replacing the elected government.

--June 26, 1949, led by former Prime Minister Pridi Phanomyong and elements of the navy failed.

--June 29, 1951, the 'Manhattan Coup' led by Navy Capt. Manas Charupa, failed.

--Nov. 29, 1951, led by Field Marshal Plaek Pibulsongram succeeded.

--Sept. 16, 1957, led by Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat succeeded.

--Oct. 20, 1958, led by Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn succeeded.

--Nov. 17, 1971, led by Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn succeeded.

--Oct. 6, 1976, led by Admiral Sangat Chaloryu, succeeded in overthrowing an elected government.

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--March 26, 1977, led by Gen. Chalat Hiransiri, failed.

--Oct. 20, 1977, led by Admiral Sangat Chaloryu, succeeded in overthrowing the government appointed a year earlierby the military.

--April 1, 1981, led by Gen. Sant Chitpatima and Col. Manoon Rupkachorn, failed when major army units rallied to the prime minister and the king who escaped to the northeast.

--Sept. 9, 1985, led by Col. Manoon Rupkachorn, failed, but five civilians, including two NBC newsmen were killed.

--Feb. 23, 1991, led by Gen. Sunthorn Kongsompong.

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