CAPE TOWN, South Africa -- Desmond Tutu, praised as a man of peace and cheered by crowds waving clenched-fist 'black power' salutes, was installed Sunday as the first black Archbishop of Cape Town in Anglican church history.
Tutu, a Nobel Peace Prize winner, used his first address as leader of 2 million Anglicans in South Africa, Botswana and Lesotho to condemn acts of violence by both supporters and opponents of apartheid.
But the controversial cleric also reiterated his call for Western economic sanctions in a bid to force the South African government to abandon apartheid, its system of institutionalized racial separation.
About 1,350 guests attended the colorful 2 -hour ceremony in St. Georges Cathedral and thousands of blacks braved showers to greet Tutu as he left the church and at a communion service at a nearby sports stadium later.
Scuffles erupted outside the church between white moderates opposed to Tutu's political views and a crowd of black and white supporters. No one was injured in the incidents and police watched from a distance.
A police helicopter circled the stadium and youths shouting 'Viva Tutu' spilled into a nearby road, but there were no clashes during the three-hour event.
Afterwards, Tutu and Archbishop of Canterbury Robert Runcie, leader of the world's Anglican's, were mobbed by an ecstatic crowd of thousands of singing and chanting blacks.
To start the ceremony, Tutu walked alone to the cathedral door and, in keeping with tradition, banged three times with a staff to request entry before he was admitted by Dean Edward King.
During the service, Tutu swayed and danced to the rhythms of a choir from the black township of Soweto that performed at his request. Black and white guests joined in, clapping and rocking in time to the African rhythms of the choir singing in Tutu's native tribal languageof Xhosa.
Among the guests were American civil rights activist Coretta Scott King, Winnie Mandela, wife of jailed black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela, South African cleric Allan Boesak and clergymen from Europe and the United States.
In his 'charge,' an address outlining his plans for the church, Tutu told the crowd, 'I abhor all violence.'
'I condemn the violence of an unjust system such as apartheid and that of those who want to overthrow it,' he said.
Tutu, 54, said he would drop support for economic sanctions against Pretoria only after blacks achieve full political and civil rights.
Blaming apartheid for the violence and bloodshed in South Africa, he said, 'We have a wonderful country with truly magnificent people.
'It is important when talking about violence to note that the primary violence in this country is the violence of apartheid,' he said. 'Our people are peace-loving to a fault. The miracle of our land is that it has not gone up in flames.'
After the cathedral ceremony, Tutu went outside to bless the city of Cape Town. Blacks waiting in the light drizzle applauded, waved clenched-fist 'black power' salutes and shouted 'Viva Tutu.'
As church bells began to ring, Tutu left for the Goodwood sports stadium, 6 miles away, where about 10,000 people braved rain showers for the communion service. Many blacks wore the illegal green, gold and black colors of the outlawed African National Congress -- a guerrilla movement opposed to white rule -- and waved 'black power' salutes.
The crowd gave Winnie Mandela, whose husband is the ANC's titular leader, a loud welcome and then circled the stadium in a traditional 'toi-toi' wardance that has become a symbol of political defiance.
There was dancing and singing to the music of a steel band during the service as the sun broke through the rain clouds.
Runcie, making his first visit to South Africa, told the crowd, 'Desmond Tutu has been enthroned as archbishop at a critical moment in the life of this nation.'
'Desmond is a man of love, vision and peace, whose valiant stand for Christ has brought such life and hope to South Africa. I believe you have a leader chosen by God,' he said.
Runcie said South Africans had to 'choose finally between the way of life and the way of death.'
The country Sunday was five days into a third year of militant black opposition to apartheid that has seen more than 2,300 people killed, about half of them by security forces.
The government Bureau for Information said in Pretoria Sunday that two blacks were killed by black radicals in Port Elizabeth Saturday in the latest round of violence. The killings brought to at least 292 the death toll since a state of emergency was imposed June 12.