Communist officials criticize Tito, condemn terrorism


BELGRADE, Yugoslavia -- The head of the Yugoslav Communist Party, in a rare criticism of the late Josep Broz Tito, Wednesday indirectly blamed the revered leader for contributing to the country's economic crisis.

In an address to the 13th Communist Party congress, Party President Vidoja Yarkovic attributed Yugoslavia's economic woes in the 1980s to a failure to attain the goals set in a major reform program Tito personally pushed through in 1965 -- 15 years before his death.


Tito's widow, Jovanka Broz, tried to enter the congress hall but was turned away because she was not a delegate.

In another speech to the congress, party presidium member Dobriovoje Vidic condemned 'all kinds of terrorism' -- not just state-supported terrorism -- and urged international measures to eliminate it.

U.S.-Yugoslav relations suffered last fall over the latter's decision to allow the alleged mastermind of the October hijacking of the Italian cruise ship the Achille Lauro cruise to pass through Yugoslavia. The suspect, Mohammed Abu Abbas, is at large and is being tried in his abence in Italy.

In his address on the economy, Yarkovic said, 'Having abandoned (central) planning, we did not build up and develop a system of social planning based on self-management' -- a reference to the country's efforts to move away from the typical socialist-style centrally planned economy to one more dependent on market forces.


Yarkovic also blamed Yugoslavia's indiscriminate borrowing during the 1970s, while Tito was still running the country, as 'one of the direct causes of the economic crisis.' Tito is rarely criticized in Yugoslavia.

Yugoslavia -- a loose federation of six republics and two autonomous provinces with more than 23 million people -- has a foreign debt of $20 billion, 1 million unemployed and inflation officially at an 84 percent annual rate but unofficially at more than 100 percent.

The more than 2,500 delegates and guests attending the congress are concentrating on the economic situation, as well as strong self-criticism of the party which rules this communist but non-aligned state.

The government Tuesday implemented a package of economic measures to combat the inflation rate, including limited wage and price controls, and restrictions on the way enterprises borrow money.

Vidic said the April Soviet nuclear reactor disaster at Chernobyl 'warned us in a dramatic way that the world has a common destiny in the nuclear age.' He called for further negotiations on disarmament between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Vidic also referred to what is considered the country's most pressing internal problem: the tense situation in the province of Kosovo, which is populated mainly by ethnic Albanians seeking greater autonomy.


'The anti-Yugoslav campaign in Albania is escalating,' he declared. 'It unrelentingly attacks all the values of our society.'

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