Capital: Stockholm Population: 8.34 million (est. 1985) Area: 173,665 square miles.
Government - Sweden is a constitutional monarchy. Under its 1975 constitution the Riksdag, or parliament, is the sole governing body. The prime minister is the nation's political chief executive.
Geography - Sweden occupies the eastern portion of the Scandinavian peninsula, with Norway to the west, Finland and the Gulf of Bothnia to the east and Denmark and the Baltic Sea to the south.
Economy - Sweden exports machinery, motor vehicles, paper products, iron and steel. Its chief natural resources are forests, iron ore and unmined uranium. Principal agricultural activity includes dairy and grain farming.
History - The earliest historical account of Sweden is found in the ancient Roman historian Tacitus' Germania, where reference is made to a powerful king and the mighty fleet of the Suiones.
Monarchy -- Royal family is led by King Carl XVI Gustaf, who ascended to the throne in 1973 with the death of his grandfather. He is married to a West German. Royalty in Sweden is ceremonial.