Anti-apartheid protests spread to university campuses across the nation Monday, with a growing number of arrests and students vowing to pressure South Africa into ending its policy of racial segregation.
In San Francisco, 22 demonstrators, including a dozen San Francisco State University faculty members, were arrested Monday for sitting in front of the revolving doors of the federal building.
The arrests followed a noisy demonstration on the building steps involving more than 100 people, largely from San Francisco State, urging divestiture by U.S. corporations of investments in South Africa.
Among the speakers was Angela Davis, a key figure in protest movements of the 1960s, who is a faculty member at the university.
In Washington, D.C., hundreds of marchers, defying sweltering temperatures, were arrested Monday during a White House protest over a myriad of issues, including South Africa's aparthied policies.
Police arrested about 80 protesters who blocked traffic by lying down in Pennsylvania Avenue, in front of the White House, and another 250 protesters who were blocking the White House gates, authorities said.
In Syracuse, N.Y., up to 200 anti-apartheid demonstrators rallied outside Syracuse University's main administration building and students asked school officials for permission to speak about divestment at an upcoming board of trustees meeting.
Faculty members said they will hold their own protest Tuesday.
About 500 people at the University of California at Santa Cruz, 100 miles south of San Francisco, attended a noon rally and heard faculty, students and local political leaders denounce apartheid.
A sleep-in, which began at the main library of the university was to continue Monday night, with about 150 students camping in the foyer.
At Columbia University in New York City, students refused to end their 2 -week-old protest against the university despite a court order issued Monday prohibiting them from chaining the entrance to school building.
The students, who said they would maintain their vigil until Thursday, have been protesting since April 4, demanding the university divest itself of $33 million of stock in companies that do business in South African.
At Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y., students also vowed to continue their protests to persuade the university to divest its $120 million in investments with companies that deal with the South African government.
Plans for Monday included a sit-in at the Day Hall administration building and creation of a shantytown to represent the shacks of black South Africans under the apartheid government.
More than 300 students were arrested last week for violating the campus code of conduct.
Dr. William Griffin, a professor at the State University College at Cortland, N.Y., said he will turn in the doctorate he received from Cornell in 1967 because of the school's failure to accept proposals from students to divest its holdings.
A senior at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., said Monday he would refuse to accept his diploma or participate in graduation ceremonies to protest the university's investments in South Africa.
Logan Evan, 24, said he would not take his final exams or hand in any more papers in efforts to pressure the school to use its influence with companies with holdings in South Africa to bring peace to the troubled country.
At Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J., civil rights leader Jesse Jackson was scheduled to speak at a rally Tuesday aimed at ending the university's investments in South Africa, protest organizers said Monday.
Students there have been camping out in front of the campus student center since April 12.
Rutgers has more than $6 million invested in companies that do business in South Africa, but recently sold $3.67 million of investments, a university spokesman said.
An ad hoc committee at the University of California at Santa Cruz said five universities around the nation are coordinating 'a national day of protest and strike against the South Africa apartheid regime for Wednesday, April 24.'
John Pepper, a spokesman for the group, said the protests will involve about 50 universities and will include sit-ins and rallies.