JOHANNESBURG, South Africa -- Nobel Peace Prize winner Bishop Desmond Tutu arrived home to a hero's welcome today with black and white supporters singing the black nationalist anthem and carrying signs proclaiming: 'Apartheid, goodbye to you.'
Tutu told the crowd who met him at Jan Smuts Airport that the prize was not for him, but 'for the little people ... whose noses are rubbed in the dust every day.'
Later the anti-apartheid campaigner condemned the U.S. administration's policy of 'constructive engagement' with South Africa's white minority government and said most blacks hoped President Reagan would lose the November election.
'I can't for the life of me see how our position has been changed for the better by constructive engagement. Constructive engagement has not worked,' said the Anglican bishop, who was awarded the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize Tuesday.
'The Reagan administration is seen by blacks here to collaborate with this racist regime and is helping them to be more intransigent than ever,' he said.
'America is seen as a country for which human rights is not important ... if you are a government opposed to communism, your human rights do not matter,' Tutu said.
Supporters and staff of the South African Council of Churches, of which he is general secretary, hugged him and sang 'Nkosi Sikelele i Afrika,' the black nationalist anthem 'God Bless Africa,' as he arrived on a flight from New York, via London.
Watched by dozens of uniformed and plainclothes policemen, the crowd of Tutu supporters opposed to apartheid, or the system of race discrimination, gave the 53-year-old bishop an emotional welcome.
The crowd of about 100 blacks and whites, including priests in white cassocks, sang hymns and the black nationalist anthem 'Nkosi isikelele Afrika,' or God Bless Africa.
Some of the supporters carried signs reading: 'Apartheid, goodbye to you,' 'Welcome, Baba (Father)' and 'Tutu: Freedom is a reality.'
Accompanied by his wife Leah, Tutu joined in the impromptu dancing and singing before leaving for the downtown SACC headquarters, where he is expected to hold a news conference later today.
Alan Boesak, a leader of the anti-apartheid United Democratic Front and the president of the World Council of Reform Churches, was among those who greeted the Nobel laureate at the airport.
'The prize is a vindication for Tutu's struggle for justice and peace in this country,' Boesak said. 'It is a tremendous boost for us all at a time when the South African government thought it could get away with bogus reforms.'
Under a new constitution passed by the government, South Africa's 22 million black majority has been officially excluded from political power.
An evening thanksgiving service was planned at Tutu's St. Augustine's Anglican Church in Soweto, a black ghetto of more than 1 million people.
During a stop in London on his way home, Tutu today criticized the Reagan administration for some of the problems afflicting southern Africa.
Charging that the White House 'has not delivered the bacon,' Tutu said, 'Namibia, four years later, is still unfree. A new constitution which is totally undemocratic has been put into effect in South Africa and nothing fundamentally has changed.'
The return of Tutu, who has frequently warned apartheid would end in a bloodbath, comes one day after violence flared anew in Soweto and several other black townships outside Johannesburg.
More than 80 people have been killed since Sept. 3 in unrest triggered by rent hikes and demands for political reforms and improved black education.